Citrix Health Check

Last Modified: Oct 19, 2019 @ 1:52 pm

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Health Check Overview

Health Checks review an environment for configurations that might cause future problems, not necessarily existing problems. Health Checks tend to focus on non-functional qualities like the following:

  • Availability
  • Security
  • Manageability
  • User Experience
  • Performance
  • Reliability

The rest of this article is an incomplete list of health check assertions for Citrix environments.

StoreFront Load Balancing

  • Citrix connectivity infrastructure design is documented: StoreFront, Gateways, ADCs, multiple datacenters, Delivery Controllers, SQL, etc.
    • Separate test Citrix environment has identical architecture as production: multiple data centers, high availability for all components, etc. – enables testing changes, including HA/DR changes, before performing those changes in production. Some upgrades are performed differently for HA/DR than for single components.
  • The FQDN that users use to access Citrix (e.g. https://citrix.company.com) resolves to a Load Balancing VIP, not a single server.
    • The FQDN automatically fails over (e.g. GSLB) to a VIP in a different data center if the primary data center is down.
  • The certificate for the SSL Load Balancing VIP is valid: trusted, not expired, matches FQDN, no errors in Chrome, etc.
    • Someone is responsible for ensuring the certificate is not expired and receives pending certificate expiration notifications.
  • The Load Balancing VIP sends SSL traffic to two or more StoreFront servers in the local data center – for redundancy.
    • The ADC-to-StoreFront server communication is SSL/TLS encrypted, not HTTP – this traffic contains user credentials.
  • The ADC monitor for the StoreFront servers is type STOREFRONT, or does a GET request to /Citrix/Store/discovery – other monitors might not detect stopped services.
  • X-Forwarded-For is configured in the Load Balancing Services (or Service Group) for Client IP header insertion.
  • Load balancing persistence is SOURCEIP with a timeout that is as long as the Receiver for Web timeout – COOKIEINSERT doesn’t work on all client devices.

StoreFront Servers

  • If the StoreFront servers are on the same hypervisor cluster, then anti-affinity is configured to keep them on separate hypervisor hosts.
  • StoreFront server VMs do no have any old snapshots – slows down performance, and consumes disk space.
  • StoreFront version is an LTSR Cumulative Update version (e.g. 3.12.4000), or the latest Current Release version (e.g. 1906) – No other versions are supported.
    • Upgrades are performed in a separate test environment that has identical architecture as production before the updates are performed in production.
  • StoreFront configuration is propagated to other servers in the StoreFront Server Group.
  • No recent unknown errors in Event Viewer at Applications and Services -> Citrix Delivery Services.
  • StoreFront Base URL is an https URL, not http. The FQDN resolves to the Load Balancing VIP, not a single server.
  • SSL certificates are installed on each StoreFront server and bound to IIS Default Web site. The SSL certificates are not expired.
  • C:\Users does not contain a bunch of user profiles. Delprof2.exe should be scheduled to delete these profiles – caused by users changing expired passwords.
  • If HTML5 Workspace app is enabled, then HTML5 Receiver is up to date – New versions are released at least monthly.
  • If Workspace app is stored on StoreFront servers, then the local Workspace apps in C:\Program Files\Citrix\Receiver StoreFront\Receiver Clients is current.
  • If Favorites are enabled, then Favorites (aka Subscriptions) are replicated to a StoreFront Server Group in a different data center.
  • If Federated Authentication Service (FAS), then multiple FAS servers configured through Group Policy.
    • FAS Servers are the same version as StoreFront.
    • If the FAS servers are on the same hypervisor cluster, then anti-affinity is configured to keep them on separate hypervisor hosts.
    • FAS Get-FasAuthorizationCertificate shows registration certificate is OK and not MaintenanceDue.
    • FAS group policy .admx template is up to date in SYSVOL.
    • FAS User Rules restricts usage to just some StoreFront servers, some VDAs, and some users – not all
    • Auto-enrollment is not enabled on the FAS certificate templates..
    • The Certificate Authority database is not excessively large.
  • Task Manager shows sufficient CPU and Memory for each StoreFront server.
  • A monitoring tool alerts administrators of any StoreFront performance metric issue, availability issue (e.g. service stopped), and Event Log errors.
  • Logon Simulator runs periodically to verify that StoreFront is functional.
  • StoreFront Disaster Recovery procedure is documented and tested.

StoreFront Configuration

  • Only one store. Or every store but one is hidden – if multiple stores are advertised, then Workspace app will prompt the user to select a store.
  • Each Delivery Controller farm is configured with two or more Delivery Controllers – for redundancy.
    • Or Delivery Controller XML can be load balanced. If load balanced, then ADC monitor is of type CITRIX-XD-DDC – so ADC can detect Local Host Cache outages.
    • Prefer separate farms per data center instead of stretched single farms (with zones) across multiple data centers.
  • Transport Type for Delivery Controllers is https, not http – this traffic includes user credentials.
  • Receiver for Web Session Timeout is not too short for user experience or too long for security.
  • Citrix Gateway configuration in StoreFront console:
    • The STAs in StoreFront match the STAs configured on the Citrix Gateway Virtual Server on the ADC appliances.
    • Session Reliability is enabled.
    • Callback URL is only needed for SmartAccess and Citrix FAS. Callback URL should be removed if it’s not needed.
    • Internal Beacon is only reachable internally.
    • External Beacon does not include citrix.com – ping.citrix.com is OK
  • HDX Optimal Routing can send ICA traffic through the Citrix Gateway that is closest to the VDA (i.e. farm).

Delivery Controllers

  • In CVAD 1906+, Citrix Scout Health Check does not show any errors or warnings. ūüí°
  • If the Delivery Controller servers are on the same hypervisor cluster, then ensure anti-affinity is configured to keep them on separate hypervisor hosts.
  • Delivery Controller VMs do not have any old snapshots.
  • Delivery Controller version is an LTSR Cumulative Update version (e.g. 7.15.4000), or the two latest Current Release versions (e.g. 1906). No other versions are supported – Citrix Product Matrix shows support dates.
    • Delivery Controller Upgrades are performed in a separate test environment before performed in production.
    • Citrix upgrades or updates are performed around twice per year.
  • Run Get-BrokerDBConnection to see the SQL connection string. No SQL Express. For AlwaysOn Availability Group (AAG):
    • SQL String points to AAG Listener, not single node.
    • All AAG SQL nodes in one data center. For multiple data centers, prefer separate farms in each data center with local SQL.
    • SQL String contains MultiSubnetFailover.
    • Each SQL server has SQL Logins for all Delivery Controllers – SQL Logins usually don’t replicate between SQL nodes.
    • Prefer Synchronous Commit with Automatic Failover over Asynchronous replication.
    • AAG Dashboard in SQL Studio does not show any issues.
  • SQL databases for Citrix are not excessively large. Database Backup tool is truncating the database logs.
  • SQL Servers have sufficient CPU/Memory to handle the Citrix SQL traffic. Monitoring tool alerts SQL DBAs of any performance or availability issues.
  • SQL Server version is supported by Citrix. https://support.citrix.com/article/CTX114501
  • Local Host Cache is enabled on the Delivery Controllers. Run Get-BrokerSite to confirm.
    • Delivery Controller virtual CPU allocation is 1 CPU socket with multiple cores – SQL Express Local DB for Local Host Cache only runs on a single socket (up to four cores).
    • How are non-persistent virtual desktops handled during SQL outage?
  • SQL Disaster Recovery plan is documented and tested.
  • SSL Certificates are installed on Delivery Controllers to encrypt XML traffic from StoreFront.
    • SSL certificates are bound to IIS Default Web Site, or netsh http sslcert to perform binding. IIS Binding does not include hostname.
    • SSL certificate not expired.
  • Trust XML Requests is enabled for pass-through authentication, SmartAccess, FAS, etc. Run Get-BrokerSite to confirm.
  • Task Manager shows sufficient CPU and Memory for each Delivery Controller server.
  • A monitoring tool alerts administrators of any Delivery Controller performance metric issue, availability issue (e.g. service stopped), and Event Log errors.

Citrix Studio

  • Citrix Studio consoles installed on administrator machines are the same version as the Delivery Controllers.
  • Customer Experience Improvement Program is disabled in Citrix Studio > Configuration node > Product Support tab.
  • Licensing Model/Edition matches what you actually own.
  • Citrix Studio Administrators are periodically audited to ensure only authorized users are granted Studio access.
    • Administrators are added as Active Directory Groups, not individual users.
  • Applications are published to Active Directory Groups, not individual users.
  • If App Groups, applications are published to only App Groups. Applications are not published to both App Groups and Delivery Groups.
  • Hypervisor connection uses a service account, not an admin account.
    • Hypervisor permissions for the service account are the minimum permissions required (custom role), not full hypervisor administrator.
  • Each Hosting Resource only has one datastore selected, not multiple datastores – Citrix MCS does not have a datastore “Rebalance” option. More datastores means more copies of master image snapshots, which means longer time to push out an updated Master image.
  • MCS Memory Caching Option is not enabled unless VDA 1903 or newer – older VDA, including 7.15 VDA, has poor performing MCSIO driver.
  • StoreFront URLs are not assigned to Delivery Groups using Studio – instead use Workspace app group policy to assign StoreFront URL.

Citrix License Server

  • Citrix License Server is version 11.16.3.0 build 28000 or newer to resolve a security vulnerability. ūüí°
  • The licenses installed on Citrix License Server match the purchased licenses at http://mycitrix.com – some Citrix License Servers have too many licenses installed.
  • If multiple Citrix License Servers, installed license count across all License Servers does not exceed the purchased licenses shown at http://mycitrix.com
  • Administrators are not frequently clearing named user license assignments to simulate concurrent licensing – license assignments should only be cleared when the user permanently no longer uses Citrix.
  • Subscription Advantage dates are not expired – if expired, download new license files and install them.
  • Usage and Statistics tab is configured as intended in the Citrix Licensing Manager gear icon.
  • Citrix License Server Disaster Recovery procedure is documented and tested.

Remote Desktop Services (RDS) Licensing

  • If RDSH VDAs, two or more activated RDS Licensing servers.
  • RDS Licensing Server operating system version matches (or newer) the RDSH VDA operating system version – e.g. Windows 2019 RDS Licensing for Windows 2019 RDSH servers. Windows 2019 RDS Licensing also works with Windows 2016 RDSH servers.
  • In RD Licensing Manager, right-click server -> Review Configuration shows green checkmarks.
  • The combined licenses installed on all RDS license servers do not exceed the purchased licenses.
  • On RDSH VDAs, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows NT\Terminal Services\LicenseServers shows two servers.
    • LicensingMode = 4, which is Per User mode, which is not enforced.

Citrix Director

  • Director version matches the Delivery Controller version.
  • If multiple Director servers:
    • Hypervisor Anti-affinity is configured.
    • Director Saved Filters are relocated to a UNC path instead of local C: drive.
  • Director server VMs do not have old snapshots – slows down servers, and increases disk space.
  • SSL certificate is installed on Director servers.
    • Admins and Support teams always use https to access Director. IIS or load balancer redirects from http to https.
  • Director website is SSL load balanced.
    • SSL protocol, not http, between load balancer and Director servers – this traffic contains user credentials.
  • Director logon page auto-populates the domain name – for user convenience. Might have to reconfigure the domain name after every Director upgrade.
  • Citrix Policy Settings for Director:
    • Enable Process monitoring is enabled.
    • Enable monitoring of application failures is enabled.
  • If Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops (CVAD) is Premium Edition:
    • Director Alerts are configured to email CVAD administrators.
    • Citrix ADM HDX Insight is integrated with Director. HTTPS protocol, not HTTP.
    • Probes are configured – Probe Agent version matches the Director version.
  • Help Desk knows how to use Citrix Director to support users.
  • Average logon durations are not excessive.
  • Repetitive issues (e.g. profile resets) are analyzed for root cause analysis and future prevention.

VDAs

  • Catalog design is documented – storage design, network design, multiple datacenters design, recovery design, etc.
  • VDA version matches the Delivery Controller version.
  • VDA Subnets are added to Active Directory Sites & Services.
  • DHCP is highly available. VDA IP Subnet router forwards DHCP requests to more than one DHCP server. DHCP scope is replicated to more than one DHCP server.
    • DHCP Scope has sufficient address availability for VDAs.
  • If KMS, slmgr.vbs /dlv shows a unique KMS CMID for each VDA machine – another option is Active Directory-based activation.
  • If persistent (dedicated) Catalogs:
    • The VDA version matches the Delivery Controller version – VDA updates should be automated (e.g. SCCM).
    • Dedicated Catalogs are created as Full Clones – Fast Clones cannot be moved to different storage or different hypervisor cluster.
    • Persistent desktops are backed up, replicated, etc. Recovery process is documented and tested.
    • Persistent desktop provisioning process is automated, preferably from a self-service portal.
  • No Personal vDisk – prefer SCCM-managed persistent desktops. Or App Layering User Layers if SCCM is not mature.
  • No double-hop – prefer master images with every application installed locally instead of double-hop to published application. Single hop have faster logins than double hop. Single hop is less complex than double hop since double hop requires Workspace app and icon management on the first-hop VDA machine. FSLogix can hide local applications.
  • Catalogs are upgraded to latest Catalog version available.
  • VDA registrations are somewhat evenly distributed across the Delivery Controllers.
  • ListOfDDCs registry value on VDAs has two or more Delivery Controllers.
  • Daily Health Check report shows registration status and maintenance mode status of every VDA machine.
  • RDSH Load Index Policy has not been modified from the default. CPU Metric is too volatile, and can cause a Denial of Service and uneven distribution of sessions. Current Load Index values should be almost the same on every RDSH VDA and not be anywhere near 10000.
  • In-guest monitoring agent shows VDA memory usage. Allocated VM Memory matches or exceeds memory Committed Bytes – Hypervisor monitoring can’t show actual VM memory usage.
  • RDSH VDAs are periodically restarted – net statistics workstation or net server statistics shows uptime.
    • In CVAD 1909+, MaxDelayMins is configured in Get-BrokerRebootScheduleV2. ūüí°
  • If Cloud-hosting of VDAs, PowerScale controls VDA power management.

VDAs – Hypervisor Hardware Clusters

  • Desktop VDAs are in their own hypervisor cluster that does not contain any Server virtual machines – avoids Windows Server licensing.
    • Hypervisor clusters with Windows Servers have proper Windows Server licensing.
  • Hypervisor admins don’t perform any hypervisor updates without first reviewing Citrix’s Supported Hypervisors article.
  • VDA vCenter is separate from non-VDA vCenter – allows non-VDA vCenter to be upgraded without affecting Citrix.
  • Hypervisor performance is monitored and alerted: CPU contention (aka CPU Ready Percentage), disk latency, CPU Usage, etc.
  • Capacity planning tool warns admins when more hypervisor hardware is needed.
  • If VMFS6 datastores, vSphere 6.7 Update 3 is installed – see release notes
  • NTP is configured and running on hypervisor hosts.
  • Hypervisor hosts have High performance BIOS settings.
  • NVIDIA vGPU software is current on hypervisor host and virtual machines.
    • The newest hypervisors can vMotion GPU-configured virtual machines.
    • NVIDIA in-guest vGPU Driver is installed before the VDA is installed – otherwise HDX 3D Pro will not work.

VDAs – Virtual Machine Hardware (vSphere)

  • Network Interface type is VMXNET3, not E1000.
  • devices.hotplug=false is configured in Virtual Machine Configuration Settings.
  • If disk space is a concern, virtual machine memory is reserved to reduce .vswp file size.
  • If Citrix App Layering:
    • Paravirtual controller is not added.
    • Boot firmware is BIOS, not EFI.
  • Windows 10 version is supported by Citrix VDA version, and supported by App Layering version.
  • VMware Tools version is current.

VDAs – Master Image Build

  • Master Image build process is documented.
  • Master Image virtual machine was built from scratch – not converted from a physical machine.
  • Security scan of the VDA Master Images shows compliance with enterprise security requirements.
  • Master Image updates:
    • Master Image maintenance is automated – e.g. SCCM can push updates to Master Images. A script can push Master Images to Catalogs.
    • Software Deployment team notifies the Master Image maintainers when applications or Windows require an update.
    • Master Image is sealed before shutdown – e.g. antivirus is generalized, SCCM Client is generalized – Base Image Script Framework (BIS-F) can automate this
    • Master Image updates are tested before deployed to production. QA testing. Canary testing.
    • Master Image snapshots are deleted after a period of time.
  • Antivirus is installed. Antivirus is optimized for non-persistent machines (aka VDI).
  • Other IT agents (e.g. software auditing, SCCM Agent) are optimized for non-persistent machines.
  • Local Groups:
    • Administrators group does not contain any non-administrators.
    • Direct Access Users group only contains authorized RDP users.
  • Citrix Optimizer or similar has removed Windows 10 Store Apps.
  • Windows Default profile was not modified – instead use group policy to control Windows appearance.
  • Windows Updates are current (i.e. last install date is within the last 60 days).
  • C: drive permissions are changed so Users can’t create folders on root of C: drive.
  • Power management is set to High Performance with no sleep timers.
  • If Citrix Provisioning:
    • Pagefile is shrunk so it fits on PVS cache disk – there’s no need to move the pagefile since PVS will move it for you. Just make sure it’s small.
    • Event Logs are moved to PVS cache disk.
  • Customer Experience Improvement Program is disabled in VDA registry.
  • Office 365 Shared Computer Activation is enabled.
    • FSLogix is implemented for Outlook search roaming.

Citrix App Layering

  • Prefer automated (e.g. SCCM) Master Image updates over manual App Layering layer updates – if SCCM is mature, then there’s no need for App Layering.
  • Prefer SCCM-managed dedicated desktops over User Layers – SCCM is a known technology. User Layers are proprietary to Citrix and might not support every application.
  • Enterprise Layer Manager (ELM) version is current – ELM updates are required to support newer Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops (CVAD) and newer Windows 10. There’s no LTSR version of ELM.
  • Citrix Provisioning Agent version matches the ELM version.
  • Directory Junction Bind account is a service account, not a regular user whose password expires.
    • LDAP is Secure (Use SSL).
  • Administrator role membership is periodically audited to ensure only authorized users are granted access.
  • ELM is backed up. Or layers are periodically exported from ELM.
  • Group Policy controls membership of local groups in VDA machines – e.g. add Domain Admins to local Administrators group.
  • Antivirus is configured properly for Layering.
  • Hypervisor Connector uses a service account with limited permissions.
  • Connector cache is enabled to speed up layering operations.
  • File servers hosting Elastic Layers and User Layers are monitored for performance issues and capacity planning.
  • User Layers are backed up, replicated, etc.

Citrix Provisioning

Provisioning Servers:

  • Provisioning Servers version matches the Delivery Controller version.
  • Multiple Provisioning Servers for High Availability.
    • Hypervisor Anti-affinity is configured.
  • Sufficient RAM for vDisk caching in memory – around 2-3 GB of memory per active vDisk.
  • Only one NIC per Provisioning Server – simplifies the configuration.
  • Server Bootstrap has multiple Provisioning Servers listed.
  • Threads times Ports are sufficient for the number of target devices.
  • vDisk Boot Menu is disabled in the registry – enables maintenance mode Target Devices to automatically boot from maintenance mode vDisks.
  • Antivirus has exclusions for Citrix Provisioning.
  • Provisioning Server performance metrics are monitored and alerted.
    • NIC throughput is not saturated.

Provisioning Farm Properties:

  • Offline database is enabled.
  • Auditing is enabled.
  • Administrators list only contains authorized administrators, preferably from an Active Directory Group.
  • Customer Experience Improvement Program is disabled.
  • For AlwaysOn Availability Group, MultiSubnetFailover is configured in the database connection string.

vDisks:

  • If local storage, vDisk files are identical on all Provisioning Servers.
  • vDisk files are VHDX, not VHD – faster version merging.
  • vDisks are sized dynamic, not fixed – Saves disk space. Standard Mode vDisks don’t grow so no performance impact.
  • vDisk files are defragmented.
  • vDisk files are backed up.
  • vDisk updates are automated.

Target Devices:

  • Target Device Boot Method is highly available – Target Devices on same subnet Provisioning Servers. Or DHCP Option 66 with TFTP Load Balancing. Or Boot ISO/Boot Partition has multiple Provisioning Server addresses.
    • DHCP is highly available. Subnet’s router forwards DHCP requests to multiple DHCP servers. Replicated DHCP scope.
  • vDisk Write cache is configured for Target Device RAM with overflow to disk – health check script should periodically verify this.
  • WriteCache folders on Provisioning Servers are empty – no server-side caching.
  • If KMS, slmgr.vbs /dlv shows a unique KMS CMID for each Target Device machine – another option is Active Directory-based activation.
  • Target Devices are evenly distributed across multiple Provisioning servers.
  • System Reserved Partition is removed from inside vDisk.
  • VMware Tools in Target Devices (vDisks) is up to date.
  • Target Device Software version matches the Citrix Provisioning version.
  • Target Device status shows low number of retries.

Group Policies and Active Directory

  • VDAs are placed in VDA-only OUs, no users – group policies apply to VDAs without affecting physical endpoints.
    • Separate OUs per Delivery Group – different group policies apply to different Delivery Groups.
  • Master Images are located in VDA OUs – computer-level GPO settings apply to the Master Images to avoid GPO timing issues on linked clones.
  • Block Inheritance OUs and Enforced GPOs are minimized.
  • .admx templates in SYSVOL > PolicyDefinitions are current – Windows 10 templates, Office templates, Citrix templates, etc.
  • Group Policy Loopback Processing Mode is enabled.
  • Duplicate, conflicting GPO settings are minimized – e.g. Group Policy Loopback Processing Mode is sometimes enabled in several GPOs.
    • Group Policy Results shows the actual GPO settings that applied to a specific session.
  • Lockdown GPO applies to non-administrators that log into VDA machines. Lockdown GPO doesn’t apply to administrators.
  • Remote Desktop Session Host (RDSH) session timeouts are configured in a Microsoft GPO.
  • AppLocker or similar prevents users from running unauthorized executables (e.g. ransomware).
  • Initial application configuration is automated using group policy – e.g. auto configure application database connections, remove first time usage prompts.
  • Group Policy changes are tested in separate Test GPOs and separate Test VDAs before applying to production.
  • Monitoring tool shows group policy processing duration during logon.

Citrix Policies

  • Citrix Policies are configured in a Group Policy Object, not in Citrix Studio – a GPO can apply to multiple Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops (CVAD) farms in multiple datacenters. Citrix Studio is single farm only.
    • Citrix Policies are not configured in both Citrix Studio and Group Policy – avoids confusion over which setting wins
    • If configured in Citrix Studio, and if multiple farms/sites, then Citrix Policy settings are identical in all farms/sites.
  • Citrix Group Policy Management plug-in on GPMC machines is same version included with CVAD ISO.
  • Unfiltered policy is on the bottom of the list (lowest priority) – most specific filters on top, least specific filters on bottom.
  • Client drive mapping, client clipboard, client printing, and client USB are disabled when connecting from external (e.g. SmartAccess) – only enabled by exception.
  • Client printing is set to Use Universal Print Driver only – avoids installing print drivers on VDA machines.
  • Audio is set to Medium quality – High Quality uses more bandwidth than Medium Quality.
  • Time zone redirection is configured in both Citrix Policy and RDSH Microsoft Group Policy.
  • For HDX Insight, ICA Round-Trip Time policy is enabled.
  • Visual quality and video codec settings are not modified from the defaults.
    • Legacy Graphics Mode is disabled.
  • Adaptive Transport (EDT) is enabled – it’s default disabled in 7.15. MTU might need to be decreased.
  • Session Reliability is not disabled.
  • RDSH Session Timers are configured in Microsoft GPO, not Citrix Policy – Citrix Policy setting description shows if setting applies to Server OS or not.

Citrix Workspace Environment Management (WEM)

  • Prefer Group Policies over WEM – WEM requires extra infrastructure, extra learning, extra administration, and extra support. Some WEM user settings are per-machine (per configuration set) only. WEM can’t replace group policies since there’s currently no .admx support.
    • Citrix Profile Management and Microsoft Folder Redirection are configured using Microsoft Group Policy, not WEM – Group Policies are well known. WEM is proprietary to Citrix and requires WEM skills to troubleshoot.
  • WEM is within two versions of the latest – there’s no LTSR version of WEM.
    • WEM Consoles and WEM Agents match WEM Server version.
  • Multiple load balanced WEM Servers for High Availability.
    • If multiple WEM servers are on the same hypervisor cluster, then Hypervisor anti-affinity is configured for the multiple WEM servers.
    • WEM Agents point to WEM Server load balanced FQDN, not individual server.
    • WEM Console points to single WEM Server, not load balanced FQDN.
  • WEM Brokers are close the VDAs – WEM configuration can be exported/imported into WEM implementations in multiple data centers.
  • WEM Database is hosted on an AlwaysOn Availability Group or other Highly Available SQL solution.
    • SQL database is backed up. SQL database recovery is documented and tested.
  • In WEM 1909+, Infrastructure Service Enable performance tuning for Windows Communication Framework is enabled and set to the number of concurrent WEM Agents that will be connected to this one WEM server. Maximum value is 3000. ūüí°
  • Antivirus exclusions are configured for Citrix WEM.
  • WEM .admx group policy template in SYSVOL > PolicyDefinitions is updated whenever WEM Servers are updated.
  • Settings are in WEM, or Group Policy, but not both – helps troubleshooting. Reduces confusion.
  • Bypass ie4uinit Check is enabled (Advanced Settings > Service Options) – for faster logons.
  • Drive mappings and printer mappings are moved to WEM and processed asynchronously (Advanced Settings > Agent Options).
  • Check Application Existence is enabled (Advanced Settings > Agent Options) – doesn’t create shortcut unless application exists
  • CPU Optimization is enabled – Memory management trades memory for disk; which is cheaper? Process exclusions might be needed.
    • In WEM 1909 and newer, CPU Spike Protection = Auto instead of Customize. ūüí°
  • Fast logoff is enabled.
  • Unused action types are disabled from processing (Advanced Settings > Main Configuration) – speeds up logons.
  • Run Once enabled for Actions and scenarios that support it – speeds up logons.
  • WEM Agent Offline mode is enabled.
  • Computer startup script refreshes WEM Agent cache on each VDA reboot.
    • Script has correct Agent installation path and correct service name since they changed in 1909 and newer. ūüí°
  • WEM Logs are reviewed for problems – enable debug logging. Look for Active Directory timeouts.
  • WEM Server performance is monitored for metric thresholds and future capacity issues.
  • WEM Server recovery is documented and tested.

Citrix Profile Management and Folder Redirection

  • No mandatory profiles on Windows 10 – benchmarks show slower performance.
  • Profile Management is configured in Group Policy, not Citrix Policy or Citrix WEM – Group Policy is the most reliable and most well-known option.
  • Profile file share:
    • File server is close to the VDAs – users log into VDAs that are closest to the file server (aka home site).
    • File share is highly available.
    • No DFS multi-master replication. Single target only – neither Citrix nor Microsoft support merge replication.
    • Profiles are backed up and/or replicated. Recovery process is documented and tested.
    • Different profile folders for different operating system versions and/or different Delivery Groups.
    • NTFS permissions of individual user folders in the file share only grant access to the one user – no Users, no Domain Users, and no Authenticated Users.
    • Use TreeSize or similar to see profile size – adjust profile exclusions if too big.
    • Antivirus is not slowing down profile file transfer performance – time how long it takes to copy a profile folder to the local machine.
    • File servers are monitored for performance issues, including disk latency and free disk space.
  • Profile Management .admx file in SYSVOL > PolicyDefinitions matches the VDA version (or date).
  • Profile Management logs are stored on UNC share instead of local C: drive, especially if the VDAs are non-persistent.
    • Only Domain Computers have Modify permission to the Logs share – Users don’t need any permission.
  • Profile Management logs contain at least a few days of logons – if only a few minutes, then too much information is being logged and Log Settings GPO setting should be modified.
  • Profile streaming is enabled – speeds up logons.
  • Active Write Back is disabled – places extra load on file servers for not much benefit.
  • Customer Experience Improvement Program is disabled.
  • Locally cached profiles are deleted at logoff from RDSH machines that don’t reboot often.
  • No Start Menu roaming issues – might need ResetCache registry value.
  • Microsoft FSLogix is implemented for Outlook Search roaming – better than UPM’s Outlook search roaming.

Folder Redirection:

  • Folder Redirection is configured in Microsoft GPO settings, not in Citrix Profile Management settings – Microsoft GPO configuration is most reliable, most known, and can migrate existing files.
  • No AppData redirection – slows down applications.
  • “Grant the user exclusive rights” option is unchecked – allows administrators to access redirected profile folders.
  • Folder Redirection file share:
    • File share is highly available.
    • No DFS multi-master replication. Single target only – neither Citrix nor Microsoft support merge replication.
    • Redirected Folders are backed up and/or replicated. Recovery process is documented and tested.
    • NTFS permissions of individual user folders in the file share only grant access to the one user – no Users, no Domain Users, and no Authenticated Users.
    • Antivirus is not slowing down folder redirection performance.
    • File servers are monitored for performance issues, including disk latency and free disk space.

Home Directories:

  • File server is close to the VDAs – users log into VDAs that are closest to the file server (aka home site).
  • File share is highly available.
  • No DFS multi-master replication. Single target only – neither Citrix nor Microsoft support merge replication.
  • Home Directories are backed up and/or replicated. Recovery process is documented and tested.
  • NTFS permissions of individual user folders in the file share only grant access to the one user – no Users, no Domain Users, and no Authenticated Users.
  • Antivirus is not slowing down file transfer performance – time how long it takes to copy a Home Directory folder to the local machine.
  • File servers are monitored for performance issues, including disk latency and free disk space.

Endpoint Devices

  • Prefer Windows 10 endpoints over thin clients – thin clients don’t support all Citrix functionality (e.g. local printing, browser content redirection). ThinKiosk can lock down Windows 10 endpoints.
  • Newest VDAs and newest Workspace apps have better WAN performance than LTSR 7.15.
  • Browser Content Redirection offloads video (e.g. YouTube) from VDAs to endpoint – reduces CPU consumption in the data center.
  • Receiver and/or Workspace app is periodically (e.g. twice per year) updated by endpoint management team.
  • Workspace app (or Receiver) ADMX templates in SYSVOL > PolicyDefinitions are current.
  • Group Policy adds StoreFront URL to Local Intranet zone.
  • Group Policy pushes StoreFront URL to Workspace app (or Receiver) – so users don’t have to enter the URL.
  • Pass-through authentication is enabled for internal PCs – SSON Configuration Checker can verify proper configuration.
  • HKCU\Software\Citrix\Dazzle\Sites\store\type shows DS, not PNA – store added as Delivery Services (StoreFront), not PNAgent (legacy).
  • Internal Beacon at HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Citrix\Receiver\SR\Store\#\Beacons\Internal\Addr0 is internally reachable only – not reachable externally.
  • External Beacon¬†at HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Citrix\Receiver\SR\Store\#\Beacons\External¬†does not include citrix.com – ping.citrix.com is OK.
  • EDT protocol (aka Adaptive Transport) is enabled. Director shows HDX protocol as UDP – Remote Display Analyzer can analyze problems with the graphics/codec.
  • HDX Insight: Newest VDAs and newest Workspace app have less AppFlow CPU impact on ADC than LTSR 7.15 VDAs.

Citrix ADC

  • ADC Admins have subscribed to Citrix Security Bulletins at https://support.citrix.com/user/alerts
  • ADC firmware build is not vulnerable to Authentication Bypass Vulnerability. ūüí°
  • ADC firmware updates are tested on separate test ADC appliances before performed in production. Test ADC appliances have test VIPs – application owners can test their VIPs on test ADC before firmware is upgraded in production.
  • ADC VPX on vSphere:
    • ADC NICs are VMXNET3, not E1000.
    • If ADC 12.0 or older, no vMotion/DRS (not supported).
    • In 12.1 and newer, DRS Cluster Anti-affinity is configured for the VPX appliances in the same HA pair.
    • CPU/Memory are reserved. Yield CPU is not enabled.
  • ADC license does not expire any time soon.
  • Physical ADC:
    • LOM port is connected and configured.
    • LOM nsroot password is changed from the default.
    • No VLAN is connected to multiple active interfaces unless those interfaces are in a port channel.
  • ADC nsroot password is not nsroot. nsroot password is managed by Privileged Identity Management tool. Admins don’t use nsroot to login.
  • Management authentication is configured for external authentication server, typically LDAP.
    • LDAP is load balanced instead of multiple LDAP Policies to individual LDAP servers – avoids premature account lockout.
    • LDAP is encrypted: LDAPS on port 636.
    • LDAP Bind account is a service account – not a regular user whose password expires.
    • LDAP Search Filter only allows ADC Admins Active Directory Group to authenticate.
  • If TACACS, firmware is 12.0 build 57 or newer to prevent TACACS Accounting from blocking AAA.
  • nsroot account has external authentication disabled.
  • No local ADC accounts except nsroot.
  • NTP and Time Zone are configured.
  • Syslog is configured to send logs to external SIEM, especially if ADC is performing authentication.
  • SNMP Traps are sent to Citrix ADM appliance.
    • Thresholds are configured for CPU and Memory alarms.
  • Customer Experience Improvement Program (CUXIP) is disabled.
  • Recommended TCP Profile Settings are configured.
  • Drop Invalid HTTP requests is enabled in HTTP global settings.
  • Secure Access Only is enabled on all NSIPs and all management-enabled SNIPs – check both nodes of High Availability pair.
    • Management certificate has no certificate errors.
  • Networking:
    • If Dedicated Management Network, Policy Based Routes (PBR) are configured for NSIP reply traffic and NSIP-initiated traffic.
    • Unused network interfaces are disabled.
    • ADC instance is connected to only one security zone – if connected to multiple security zones, then a firewall is bypassed.
    • Default route should be Internet facing, or a data VLAN – not NSIP VLAN.
    • Only one default route – extra default routes can come from HA pairing or hardware migration.
  • Unused ADC configurations are removed – unused server objects, unused policies, etc.
  • Citrix ADM monitors and backs up the ADC appliances.
  • ADC Dashboard shows that CPU, Memory, and Throughput have not exceeded appliance capacity or appliance licensing.
  • /var/core and /var/crash do not have recent crash dumps.

ADC High Availability Pair

  • Firmware build is identical on both nodes.
  • Installed Licenses are identical on both nodes.
  • NTP and time zones are configured on both appliances – Configuration node shows System Time.
  • Unused interfaces are disabled.
  • HA is synchronizing without error.
  • Both HA nodes are set to ENABLED – not STAYPRIMARY and/or STAYSECONDARY.
  • Fail-safe mode is enabled.
  • “show ha node” shows heartbeats across all interfaces – no “interfaces on which heartbeats are not seen”.
  • High Availability failover has been tested, including RADIUS authentication, which might come from a different source IP.

ADC SDX

  • LOM port is connected and configured.
    • LOM nsroot password is not nsroot.
  • No hardware problems shown on SDX SVM dashboard page.
  • SDX firmware is current – should be same or newer than the VPX firmware.
  • SDX SVM nsroot password is not nsroot. nsroot password is complex. Admins don’t use nsroot to login.
  • Management authentication is configured for external authentication server, typically LDAP.
    • LDAP is load balanced instead of multiple LDAP Policies to individual LDAP servers – avoids premature account lockout.
    • LDAP is encrypted: LDAPS on port 636.
    • LDAP Bind account is a service account – not a regular user whose password expires.
    • LDAP Search Filter only allows ADC SDX Admins Active Directory Group to authenticate.
  • No local accounts except nsroot.
  • No certificate errors when accessing SVM management using htttps.
    • HTTPS is forced in System Settings – HTTP is not allowed.
  • Multiple DNS servers are configured in Networking Configuration – initial setup only asks for one DNS server.
  • Channels are created at SDX SVM instead of inside VPX instances.
  • NTP is configured and enabled.
  • Syslog is configured.
  • SNMP traps are sent to Citrix ADM.
  • The number of SDX instance licenses installed matches what’s owned at http://mycitrix.com/
  • SDX SVM Backups are configured with External Transfer – or download periodically – or ADM.
  • VPX Instances:
    • Platinum Edition license is assigned to instances.
    • SSL Chips are assigned to VPX instances.
    • All SDX hardware is allocated to VPX instances – If not, why not?
    • Production instances typically have Dedicated CPU cores. Test/Dev instances typically have Shared CPU.
    • VLANs are specified inside VPX instances instead of at instance properties on SDX Management Service – avoids reboot if you need to change the VLAN configuration.
    • No VMACs in instance interface settings.

ADC Load Balancing and SSL

  • Load Balancing configurations are documented.
  • Monitors do more than just telnet – e.g. LDAP monitor performs LDAP query.
    • LDAP monitor bind account uses service account, not domain admin.
    • LDAP monitor is filtered to cn=builtin – to reduce result size.
    • RADIUS monitor looks for response code 2 or 3.
  • If multiple Virtual Servers for multiple ports on the same VIP, configure Persistency Group – e.g. Horizon Load Balancing.
  • Rewrite policies remove web server header information (Server, X-Powered-By, etc.)
  • SSL Labs SSL Server Test shows A or A+ grade for all Internet-facing SSL vServers.
  • Redirect Virtual Servers are UP (Responder method) instead of DOWN (Backup URL method).
  • Custom (non-default) ciphers are bound to every SSL Virtual Server – see Citrix Networking SSL / TLS Best Practices.
  • SSL v3 and TLS v1.0 are disabled on every SSL Virtual Server.
  • SSL Renegotiation is set to NONSECURE: configured globally, or in SSL Profiles (including default profile).
  • Root certificate is not linked to intermediate certificate.
  • Certificates are not expired.
  • ADM alerts ADC administrators when certificates are soon to expire.
  • ADM Analytics is enabled for the HTTP Virtual Servers.
    • ADM Web Insight is viewed.
  • Bot Management (13.0 build 41+) and/or Web App Firewall are configured if ADC Premium Edition.
    • ADM Security Insight is enabled and viewed.

Citrix ADM

  • ADM exists and manages all ADC appliances.
    • Prompt credentials for instance login is enabled in ADM System Settings – if ADM does Single Sign-on to instances, then all instance changes are logged as nsroot instead of ADM user.
  • ADM firmware version is 12.1 build 54.13 and later or 13.0 build 41.20 and later – security vulnerability – many bugs are fixed in ADM 12.1 build 53 and newer. ūüí°
    • ADM Agents and DR nodes have same firmware version as ADM – check /var/mps/log/install_state
  • Two DNS servers are configured in ADM Network Configuration – initial setup only asks for one DNS server.
  • Two ADM appliances in High Availability mode with Floating IP – provides redundancy.
  • Every High Availability node and DR node has same disk size.
  • ADM nsroot password is not nsroot. nsroot password is complex. Admins don’t use nsroot to login.
  • Management authentication is configured for external authentication server, typically LDAP.
    • LDAP is load balanced instead of multiple LDAP Policies to individual LDAP servers – avoids premature account lockout.
    • LDAP is encrypted: LDAPS on port 636.
    • LDAP Bind account is a service account – not a regular user whose password expires.
    • LDAP Search Filter only allows ADM Admins Active Directory Group to authenticate.
  • No local accounts except nsroot.
  • No certificate errors when accessing ADM management using htttps.
    • HTTPS is forced in System Settings – HTTP is not allowed
  • Time zone is configured.
  • NTP is configured and enabled.
  • ADM Database is not full. Sufficient disk space.
  • Sufficient ADM CPU/Memory – verify at System > Statistics or System > Deployment.
  • SSL Dashboard alert notifications are enabled to warn of upcoming certificate expiration.
  • Event Rules are configured to email ADC administrators of Critical or Major ADC alarms.
  • ADC Instance Backup settings on ADM:
    • Number of ADC instance backups retained is sufficient for restoring from history.
    • ADC Backups are transferred to external SFTP, SCP, or FTP server.
    • ADC Restore process is documented and tested.
  • VIP Licensing:
    • Installed license count on ADM matches the licenses owned at http://mycitrix.com.
    • Licenses are assigned to Virtual Servers that need Analytics (e.g. HDX Insight) or Applications tab.
    • AppFlow/Insight is enabled on Gateway and HTTP Virtual Servers.
    • License expiration notifications are enabled.
  • Private IP Blocks are configured for geo mapping of ADC instances and Analytics sessions.
  • Analytics Thresholds are configured – e.g. ICA Latency threshold.
  • Session Reliability on HA Failover is enabled on ADC instances in ICA Parameters – if not enabled, then sessions drop on failover.
  • ADM HDX Insight is linked to Director Premium Edition using https protocol, not http protocol.

Citrix Gateway ICA Proxy

Gateway Virtual Server:

  • SSL Labs SSL Server Test shows A or A+ when it scans the Gateway external FQDN.
  • If ICA Only is unchecked on the Gateway Virtual Server, then System > Licenses shows sufficient Maximum Citrix Gateway Users Allowed.
  • Gateway Virtual Server Maximum Users is 0, which means unlimited.
  • TCP Profile is configured with Recommended TCP Profile Settings.
  • DTLS is enabled on the Virtual Server for EDT protocol.
    • UDP ports are open on firewall from Internet and to VDAs.
    • Director Session Details shows HDX protocol as UDP.
  • ICA Connections shows port 2598 (Session Reliability enabled), not 1494.
  • Gateway communication to StoreFront is https protocol, not http.
  • Gateway communication to StoreFront is load balanced to multiple StoreFront servers – not a single StoreFront server.
  • STAs on Citrix Gateway matches StoreFront configuration.
  • If EPA is used for SmartAccess, then Endpoint Analysis Libraries are updated.

Gateway Authentication:

  • Encrypted LDAP:
    • LDAP is load balanced instead of multiple LDAP Policies to individual LDAP servers – avoids premature account lockout.
    • LDAP is encrypted: LDAPS on port 636.
    • LDAP Bind account is a service account – not a regular user whose password expires.
    • LDAP Search Filter only allows authorized remote users in an Active Directory group to authenticate.
  • Two-factor authentication – RADIUS:
    • For Workspace app or Receiver, password fields are swapped.
    • Both factors are required to login. Can’t bypass second factor.
    • RADIUS tested from both High Availability nodes (perform failover).
  • SAML Authentication:
    • Prefer RADIUS over SAML so that ADC will have access to the user’s password to facilitate Single Sign-on to the VDA machines.
    • If SAML response does not provide user’s password, then Federated Authentication Service (FAS) is deployed .
    • For Workspace app support of SAML, SAML is configured in nFactor (AAA), not Gateway – requires ADC 12.1 and newest Workspace app.
    • SAML iDP Signing certificate is not expired. ADC administrators know how to update the Signing certificate.
  • Native OTP:
    • OTP Active Directory attribute is encrypted

Citrix ADC GSLB

  • If a DNS name resolves to multiple IP addresses, then the DNS name should be GSLB-enabled for automatic failover.
  • DNS Records are delegated to two or more ADC ADNS services, usually in separate data centers.
    • NS records and SOA records are added to ADC for delegated domain names and/or delegated sub zones.
  • All ADC nodes that have ADNS listeners for the same DNS name have identical GSLB configuration.
  • Public GSLB Services have monitors that verify remote Internet connectivity – don’t give out IP if users can’t reach it.
  • Separate ADC appliances for public DNS and internal DNS – If both are on one appliance, then how are the DNS configurations separated?
  • RPC nodes for Metric Exchange Protocol (MEP) should have Secure enabled.
  • Firewall should only allow the MEP endpoints to communicate over 3009 – don’t open to whole Internet.
  • If Static Proximity:
    • Static Proximity database is current.
    • GSLB Services show correct geo location.
    • Custom Entries are added for internal subnets.
  • If DNS Views, DNS Views are configured on all GSLB Services – if GSLB Service doesn’t have a DNS View, then that GSLB Service might not function correctly.
  • If Active/Active GSLB load balancing, then site persistence is functioning correctly.
  • DNS security options are configured to prevent ADNS Denial of Service.

Detailed Change Log

Last Modified: Oct 20, 2019 @ 7:13 am

This post lists all minor and major changes made to carlstalhood.com since July 2018.

NetScaler Insight Center

Last Modified: Sep 16, 2018 @ 7:07 am

This article is for Insight Center 11.0 and older. Consider Insight Center 11.1, which works with older NetScaler appliances.

Navigation

ūüí° = Recently Updated

Planning

Note: HDX Insight only works with Session Reliability on NetScaler 10.5 build 54 or newer. Older builds, including NetScaler 10.1, do not support Session Reliability with HDX Insight. Read the release notes for your NetScaler firmware build to see the latest known issues with AppFlow, Session Reliability, and High Availability.

Requirements for HDX Insight:

  • Your NetScaler appliance must be running Enterprise Edition or Platinum Edition.
  • NetScaler must be 10.1 or newer. Insight Center 11 does work with NetScaler 10.5.
  • HDX Insight works with the following Receivers:
    • Receiver for Windows must be 3.4 or newer.
    • Receiver for Mac must be 11.8 or newer.
    • Receiver for Linux must be 13 or newer.
    • Notice no mobile Receivers. See the Citrix Receiver Feature Matrix for the latest details.
  • ICA traffic must flow through a NetScaler appliance:

 

For ICA round trip time calculations, in a Citrix Policy, enable the following settings:

  • ICA > End User Monitoring > ICA Round Trip Calculation
  • ICA > End User Monitoring > ICA Round Trip Calculation Interval
  • ICA > End User Monitoring > ICA Round Trip Calculation for Idle Connections

Citrix¬†CTX204274¬†How ICA RTT is calculated on NetScaler Insight:¬†ICA RTT constitutes the actual application delay. ICA_RTT = 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 +5 +6:¬† ūüí°

  1. Client OS introduced delay
  2. Client to NS introduced network delay (Wan Latency)
  3. NS introduced delay in processing client to NS traffic (Client Side Device Latency)
  4. NS introduced delay in processing NS to Server (XA/XD) traffic (Server Side Device Latency)
  5. NS to Server network delay (DC Latency)
  6. Server (XA/XD) OS introduced delay (Host Delay)

 

For Web Insight, HTML Injection for NetScaler 10.0 is only available in Platinum Edition. In NetScaler 10.1, HTML Injection is available in all editions.

The version/build of Insight Center must be the same or newer than the version/build of the NetScaler appliances.

Insight Center 11 lets you scale the deployment by building multiple nodes. After building the first Insight Center Server, you can go to Configuration > NetScaler Insight Center > Insight Deployment Method to enter some planning data (e.g. # of concurrent ICA connections) and it will tell you the number of Insight Center nodes you should build. The number of nodes is based on the VM specs shown at the top of the page.

In this example, it recommends two Database Nodes and two Connectors. Agents are only used for HTTP traffic. There’s more information at NetScaler Insight Center Deployment Management at docs.citrix.com.

Import Appliance

You can use either the vSphere Client or the vSphere Web Client to import the appliance. In vSphere Client, open the File menu and click Deploy OVF Template. vSphere Web Client instructions are shown below.

You might see this operating system error when not using the vSphere Web Client. Click Yes and proceed. It seems to work.

  1. Download Insight Center for ESX and then extract the .zip file.
  2. In vSphere Web Client, navigate to the vCenter object. Open the Actions menu and click Deploy OVF Template.
  3. In the Select source page, if you see a message regarding the Client Integration Plug-in, download the installer, run it, and then return to this wizard.
  4. In the Select source page, select Local file and browse to the NetScaler Insight .ovf file. Click Next.
  5. In the Review details page, click Next.
  6. In the Select name and folder page, enter a name for the virtual machine and select an inventory folder. Then click Next.
  7. In the Select a resource page, select a cluster or resource pool and click Next.
  8. In the Select storage page, change it to Thin Provision.
  9. Select a datastore and click Next.
  10. In the Setup networks page, choose a valid port group and click Finish.
  11. In the Ready to Complete page, click Finish.
  12. View the progress of the import in the Recent Tasks pane at the top-right of the window.
  13. After the appliance is imported, power it on.

IP Configuration and Multi-Node

  1. Open the console of the virtual machine and configure an IP address.
  2. Insight Center 11 lets you configure a DNS server.
  3. Enter 6 when done.
  4. When prompted for Insight Deployment Type, enter 1 for NetScaler Insight Server. The first appliance must always be NetScaler Insight Server.
  5. Enter Yes to reboot.
  6. Subsequent nodes can be Database Node, Connector node, etc. If you choose one of the other node types it asks you for the IP address of the NetScaler Insight Server node.
  7. Once you’ve built all of the nodes, in the NetScaler Insight Server webpage, go to NetScaler Insight Center > Insight Deployment Management.
  8. Scroll down and click Get.
  9. It should show you the nodes. Then click Deploy.

  10. After it reboots you’ll see the performance of each node.
  11. Since the database is on a separate node, you might want to enable database caching. Go to System > Change Database Cache Settings.
  12. Check the box next to Enable Database Cache.

Initial Web Configuration

  1. Point your browser to the Insight IP address and login as nsroot/nsroot.
  2. Click Get Started

  3. Enter the IP address and credentials of a NetScaler appliance and click Add.

    Note: if your NetScaler appliances require https for management communication then this won’t work. Click Cancel. On the Configuration tab, click System. On the right, in the left column, click Change System Settings.
    Change the drop-down to https and click OK.
    On the left, click Inventory. On the right, click Add.
    Enter the NSIP and nsroot credentials again. This time it should work.
  4. At the top of the page, if desired, check the box next to Enable Geo data collection for Web and HDX Insight.
  5. With Load Balancing selected in the View list, right-click your StoreFront load balancer and click Enable AppFlow.

  6. Type in true and click OK.
  7. Note: if your StoreFront Load Balancing vServer uses Service Groups, you might need to enable AppFlow logging on the Service Group. In the NetScaler GUI, edit the Service Group. In the Basic Settings section, check the box next to AppFlow Logging.
  8. Back in Insight Center, use the View drop-down to select VPN.
  9. Right-click a NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server and click Enable AppFlow.
  10. In the Select Expression drop-down, select true.
  11. For Export Option select ICA and HTTP and click OK. The HTTP option is for Gateway Insight.
  12. The TCP option is for the second appliance in double-hop ICA. If you need double-hop then you’ll also need to run set appflow param -connectionChaining ENABLED on both appliances. See Enabling Data Collection for NetScaler Gateway Appliances Deployed in Double-Hop Mode at docs.citrix.com for more information.
  13. New in NetScaler 11 is the ability to use SOCKS proxy (Cache Redirection) for ICA traffic without requiring users to use NetScaler Gateway and without making any routing changes. You configure this on the NetScaler appliance. See Enabling Data Collection for Monitoring NetScaler ADCs Deployed in LAN User Mode at docs.citrix.com for more information.
  14. If you want to add more appliances, click the Configuration tab. The Inventory node will be selected by default.
  15. On the right, click Add.

Citrix Blog PostNetScaler Insight Center ‚Äď Tips, Troubleshooting and Upgrade

Nsroot Password

  1. On the Configuration tab, expand System, expand User Administration and click Users.
  2. On the right, highlight the nsroot account and click Edit.
  3. Enter a new password.
  4. You can also specify a session timeout. Click OK.

Management Certificate

The certificate to upload must already be in PEM format. If you have a .pfx, you must convert it to PEM (separate certificate and key files). You can use NetScaler to convert the .pfx and then download the converted certificate from the appliance.

  1. On the left, switch to the System node.
  2. In the right pane, in the left column, click Install SSL Certificate.
  3. Browse to the PEM format certificate and key files. If the keyfile is encyrpted, enter the password. Click OK.
  4. Click Yes to reboot the system.

System Configuration

  1. Click the Configuration tab on the top of the page.
  2. On the left, click the System node.
  3. On the right, modify settings (e.g.Time Zone) as desired.

  4. To set the hostname, click Change Host name.

  5. To change the Session Timeout, click Change System Settings.

  6. The ICA Session Timeout can be configured by clicking the link. Two minutes of non-existent traffic must occur before the session is considered idle. Then this idle timer starts. See Managing ICA Sessions at docs.citrix.com for more information

  7. On the left, expand System and click NTP Servers.
  8. On the right, click Add.

  9. After adding NTP servers, click NTP Synchronization.
  10. Check the box next to Enable NTP Sync and click OK.
  11. On the left, expand Auditing and click Syslog Servers.

  12. On the right, click Add.
  13. Enter the syslog server IP address and select Log Levels. Click Create.
  14. In the Action menu you can click Syslog Parameters to change the timezone and date format.

Email Notifications

  1. On the left, expand System, expand Notifications and click Email.
  2. On the right, on the Email Servers tab, click Add.
  3. Enter the SMTP server address and click Create.
  4. On the right, switch to the Email Distribution List tab and click Add.
  5. Enter an address for a destination distribution list and click Create.

Authentication

  1. On the left, expand System¬ł expand Authentication and click LDAP.
  2. On the right, click Add.
  3. This is configured identically to NetScaler. Enter a Load Balancing VIP for LDAP. Change the Security Type to SSL and Port to 636. Scroll down.
  4. Enter the bind account.
  5. Check the box for Enable Change Password.
  6. Click Retrieve Attributes and scroll down.
  7. For Server Logon Attribute select sAMAccountName.
  8. For Group Attribute select memberOf.
  9. For Sub Attribute Name select cn.
  10. To prevent unauthorized users from logging in, configure a Search Filter. Scroll down.
  11. If desired configure Nested Group Extraction.
  12. Click Create.
  13. On the left, expand User Administration and click Groups.
  14. On the right, click Add.
  15. Enter the case sensitive name of your NetScaler Admins group.
  16. Select the admin Permission.
  17. If desired, configure a Session Timeout. Click Create.

  18. On the left, under System, click User Administration.
  19. On the right click User Lockout Configuration.
  20. If desired, check the box next to Enable User Lockout and configure the maximum logon attempts. Click OK.
  21. On the left, under System, click Authentication.
  22. On the right, click Authentication Configuration.
  23. Change the Server Type to LDAP.
  24. Select the LDAP server you created and click OK.

Thresholds

  1. Go to NetScaler Insight Center > Thresholds.
  2. On the right, click Add.
  3. Enter a name.
  4. In the Entity field select a category of alerts. What you choose here determines what’s available in the Rule section.
  5. Check the box to Notify through Email.
  6. In the Rule section, select a rule and enter threshold values. Click Create.

Geo Map

  1. Download the Maxmind database from http://geolite.maxmind.com/download/geoip/database/GeoLiteCity.dat.gz.
  2. Extract the .gz file.
  3. On the Configuration tab, expand NetScaler Insight Center and click Geo Database Files.
  4. On the right, click the Action drop-down and click Upload.
  5. Browse to the extracted GeoLiteCity.dat file and click Upload.
  6. Click the Inventory node.
  7. Click the IP address for a device in the inventory.
  8. Check the box to Enable Geo data collection for Web and HDX Insight.
  9. You can define Geo locations for internal subnets. Go to NetScaler Insight Center > Private IP Block.
  10. On the right, click Add.
  11. Enter a name.
  12. Enter the starting and ending IP address.
  13. Select a Geo Location. Note that these are not necessarily alphabetical.
  14. Click Create.

Director Integration

Integrating Insight Center with Director requires XenApp/XenDesktop to be licensed for Platinum Edition. The integration adds Network tabs to the Trends and Machine Details views.

If using HTTPS to connect to Insight Center then the Insight Center certificate must be valid and trusted by both the Director Server and the Director user’s browser.

To link Citrix Director with NetScaler HDX Insight, on the Director server run C:\inetpub\wwwroot\Director\tools\DirectorConfig.exe /confignetscaler. Do this on both Director servers.

Use Insight Center

HDX Insight

HDX Insight Dashboard displays ICA session details including the following:

  • WAN Latency
  • DC Latency
  • RTT (round trip time)
  • Retransmits
  • Application Launch Duration
  • Client Type/Version
  • Bandwidth
  • Licenses in use

HDX Insight can also display Geo Maps. Configure Insight Center with Private IP Blocks.

More info at HDX Insight Reports and Use Cases: HDX Insight at docs.citrix.com

Gateway Insight

Insight Center 11.0 build 65 adds a new Gateway Insight dashboard.

This feature displays the following details:

  • Gateway connection failures due to failed EPA scans, failed authentication, failed SSON, or failed application launches.
  • Bandwidth and Bytes Consumed for ICA and other applications accessed through Gateway.
  • # of users
  • Session Modes (clientless, VPN, ICA)
  • Client Operating Systems
  • Client Browsers

More details at Gateway Insight at docs.citrix.com.

Security Insight

The new Security Insight dashboard in 11.0 build 65 and newer uses data from Application Firewall to display Threat Index (criticality of attack), Safety Index (how securely NetScaler is configured), and Actionable Information. More info at Security Insight at docs.citrix.com.
localized image

Troubleshooting

Citrix CTX215130 HDX Insight Diagnostics and Troubleshooting Guide: Syslog messages; Error counters; Troubleshooting checklist, Logs

Citrix Blog PostNetScaler Insight Center ‚Äď Tips, Troubleshooting and Upgrade

See docs.citrix.com Troubleshooting Tips. Here are sample issues covered in docs.citrix.com:

  • Can‚Äôt see records on Insight Center dashboard
  • ICA RTT metrics are incorrect
  • Can‚Äôt add NetScaler appliance to inventory
  • Geo maps not displaying

Upgrade Insight Center

  1. Download the latest Upgrade Pack for Insight Center.
  2. Login to Insight Center.
  3. If you are running Insight Center 10.5 or older, on the Configuration tab, go to NetScaler Insight Center > Software Images and upload the file. If running Insight Center 11.0 or newer, you can skip this step.
  4. On the Configuration tab, on the left, click the System node.
  5. On the right, in the right pane, click Upgrade NetScaler Insight Center.
  6. Browse to the build-analytics-11.0.tgz Software Image Upgrade Pack and click OK.
  7. Click Yes to reboot the appliance.

  8. After it reboots, login. The new firmware version will be displayed in the top right corner.

RADIUS Authentication – NetScaler Gateway 10.5

Last Modified: Sep 21, 2019 @ 3:48 pm

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RADIUS Overview

For two-factor authentication using Azure Multi-factor Authentication, see Jason Samuel How to deploy Microsoft Azure MFA & AD Connect with Citrix NetScaler Gateway

Citrix CTX125364 How to Configure Dual Authentication on NetScaler Gateway Enterprise Edition for Use with iPhone and iPad

Some two-factor products (e.g. SMS Passcode) require you to hide the 2nd password field. Receiver 4.4 and newer supports hiding the 2nd field if you configure a Meta tag in index.html. See CTX205907 Dual-Password Field Shows in First Authentication When Connecting to NetScaler Gateway from Windows Receiver for instructions.

Two-factor authentication to NetScaler Gateway requires the RADIUS protocol to be enabled on the two-factor authentication product.

On your RADIUS servers, you’ll need to add the NetScaler appliances as RADIUS Clients. When NetScaler uses a local (same appliance) load balanced Virtual Server for RADIUS authentication, the traffic is sourced from the NetScaler SNIP (Subnet IP). When NetScaler uses a direct connection to a RADIUS Server without going through a load balancing Virtual Server, or uses a remote (different appliance) Load Balancing Virtual Server, the traffic is sourced from the NetScaler NSIP (NetScaler IP). Use the correct IP(s) when adding the appliances as RADIUS Clients. And adjust firewall rules accordingly.

For High Availability pairs, if you locally load balance RADIUS, then you only need to add the SNIP as a RADIUS Client since the SNIP floats between the two appliances. However, if you are not locally load balancing RADIUS, then you’ll need to add the NSIP of both appliances as RADIUS Clients. Use the same RADIUS Secret for both appliances.

Two-factor Policies Summary

When configuring the NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server, you can specify both a Primary authentication policy and a Secondary authentication policy. Users are required to successfully authenticate against both before being authorized for NetScaler Gateway.

For browser-based StoreFront, you need two authentication policies:

  • Primary = LDAPS authentication policy pointing to Active Directory Domain Controllers.
  • Secondary = RADIUS authentication policy pointing to RSA servers with RADIUS enabled.

For Receiver Self-service (native Receiver on mobile, Windows, and Mac), the authentication policies are swapped:

  • Primary = RADIUS authentication policy pointing to RSA servers with RADIUS enabled.
  • Secondary = LDAPS authentication policy pointing to Active Directory Domain Controllers.

If you need to support two-factor authentication from both web browsers and Receiver Self-Service, then you’ll need at least four authentication policies as shown below.

Primary:

  • Priority 90 = RADIUS policy. Expression = REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver
  • Priority 100 = LDAP policy. Expression = REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent NOTCONTAINS CitrixReceiver

Secondary:

  • Priority 90 = LDAP¬†policy. Expression = REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver
  • Priority 100 = RADIUS policy. Expression = REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent NOTCONTAINS CitrixReceiver

Create Two-factor Policies

Do the following to create the Two-factor policies:

  1. Create an LDAP policy/server.
  2. For RADIUS, on the left, expand NetScaler Gateway, expand Policies, expand Authentication, and click Radius.
  3. On the right, switch to the Servers tab. Click Add.
  4. Give the RADIUS server a name.
  5. Specify the IP address of the RADIUS load balancing Virtual Server.
  6. Enter the secret key specified when you added the NetScalers as RADIUS clients on the RADIUS server. Click Create.

    add authentication radiusAction RSA -serverIP 10.2.2.210 -serverPort 1812 -radKey Passw0rd
  7. On the right, switch to the Policies tab, and click Add.
  8. Name it RSA-SelfService or similar.
  9. Select the RADIUS server created earlier.
  10. Enter an expression. You will need two policies with different expressions. The expression for Receiver Self-Service is HTTP.HEADER User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver.
  11. Click Create.

    add authentication radiusPolicy RSA-ReceiverForWeb "REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent NOTCONTAINS CitrixReceiver" RSA
    
    add authentication radiusPolicy RSA-ReceiverSelfService "REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver" RSA
    
    add authentication ldapPolicy Corp-Gateway-ReceiverForWeb "REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent NOTCONTAINS CitrixReceiver" Corp-Gateway
    
    add authentication ldapPolicy Corp-Gateway-ReceiverSelfService "REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver" Corp-Gateway
  12. Create another policy to match the ones shown below. Both RADIUS policies are configured with the same RADIUS server. The only difference between them is the expression (CONTAINS vs NOTCONTAINS)
    Name Expression Server
    RSA-SelfService REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver RSA
    RSA-Web REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent NOTCONTAINS CitrixReceiver RSA

  13. Go to NetScaler Gateway\Policies\Authentication\LDAP. On the Policies tab, create two policies with the expressions shown below. Both LDAP policies are configured with the same LDAP server. The only difference between them is the expression (CONTAINS vs NOTCONTAINS).
    Name Expression Server
    LDAP-Corp-SelfService REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver LDAP-Corp
    LDAP-Corp-Web REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent NOTCONTAINS CitrixReceiver LDAP-Corp

Bind Two-factor Policies to Gateway

  1. When you create the NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server, bind the policies as shown in the following table. Priority doesn’t matter because they are mutually exclusive.
    Policy Name Type Bind Point
    LDAP-Corp-Web LDAP Primary
    RSA-SelfService RADIUS Primary
    LDAP-Corp-SelfService LDAP Secondary
    RSA-Web RADIUS Secondary

    bind vpn vserver gateway.corp.com -policy Corp-Gateway-ReceiverForWeb -priority 100
    
    bind vpn vserver gateway.corp.com -policy RSA-ReceiverSelfService -priority 110
    
    bind vpn vserver gateway.corp.com -policy RSA-ReceiverForWeb -priority 100 -secondary
    
    bind vpn vserver gateway.corp.com -policy Corp-Gateway-ReceiverSelfService -priority 110 -secondary
  2. The session policy/profile for Receiver Self-Service needs to be adjusted to indicate which authentication field contains the Active Directory password. On the Client Experience tab or the Session Profile is Credential Index. This needs to be changed to SECONDARY. Leave the session policy for Web Browsers set to Primary.

    set vpn sessionAction "Receiver Self-Service" -ssoCredential SECONDARY
  3. On the StoreFront server, when creating the NetScaler Gateway object, change the Logon type to Domain and security token.

NetScaler / Citrix ADC Firewall Rules

Last Modified: Aug 3, 2019 @ 3:15 pm

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See CTX101810 Communication Ports Used by Citrix Technologies

ūüí° = Recently Updated

Change Log

NetScaler / Citrix ADC Firewall Rules

From To Protocol / Port Purpose
Administrator machines NSIPs (and/or SNIPs) TCP 22
TCP 80
TCP 443
TCP 3010
TCP 3008
SSH and HTTP/SSL access to NetScaler configuration GUI. TCP 3008/3010 is Java and 3008 is used if traffic is encrypted. Java not needed in 10.5 build 57 and newer.
Administrator machines NetScaler SDX SVM, XenServer TCP 22
TCP 80
TCP 443
To administer NetScaler SDX
Administrator machines NetScaler Lights Out Module TCP 443
TCP 623
TCP 5900
CTX200367
NSIP
SNIP
DNS servers Ping
UDP 53
TCP 53
Ping is used for monitoring. Can be turned off by load balancing on the same appliance.
NSIPs
SNIP
NetScaler MAS TCP 27000
TCP 7279
Pooled Licensing
NSIPs
SNIP
NTP servers UDP 123 NTP
NSIPs
SNIP (NS 11+)
Syslog server UDP 514 Syslog
NSIPs callhome.citrix.com
cis.citrix.com
taas.citrix.com
TCP 443 Call Home
NSIPs (default)
SNIP
LDAP Servers(Domain Controllers) TCP 389 (Start TLS)
TCP 636 (Secure LDAP)
Secure LDAP requires certificates on the Domain Controllers. Secure LDAP enables password changes when they expire.SNIP if Load Balanced on same appliance
NSIPs LDAP Servers TCP 389
TCP 636
Monitor Domain Controllers
NSIPs (default)
SNIP
RADIUS servers UDP 1812 RADIUS is used for two-factor authentication. SNIP if Load Balanced on same appliance
SNIP RADIUS servers UDP 1812
Ping
Monitor RADIUS servers
NetScaler SDX Service virtual machine NSIPs Ping
TCP 22
TCP 80
TCP 443
Only if NetScaler VPX runs as a virtual machine on top of NetScaler SDX
Local GSLB Site IP
SNIP
GSLB Site IP (public IP) in other datacenter TCP 3009
TCP 3011
GSLB Metric Exchange Protocol between appliance pairs
NSIPs GSLB Site IP (public IP) in other datacenter TCP 22
TCP 3008
TCP 3010
GSLB Configuration Sync
Local GSLB Site IP
SNIP
All Internet Ping
UDP 53
TCP (high ports)
RTT to DNS Servers for Dynamic Proximity determination
SNIP StoreFront Load Balancing VIP TCP 443 NetScaler Gateway communicates with StoreFront
SNIP StoreFront servers TCP 80
TCP 443
TCP 808
StoreFront Load Balancing
NSIPs StoreFront servers TCP 80
TCP 443
Monitor StoreFront servers
StoreFront servers NetScaler Gateway VIP (DMZ IP) TCP 443 Authentication callback from StoreFront server to NetScaler Gateway.
SNIP Each individual Delivery Controller in every datacenter TCP 80
TCP 443
Secure Ticket Authorities. This cannot be load balanced.
TCP 443 only if certificates are installed on the Delivery Controllers.
SNIP All internal virtual desktops and session hosts (subnet rule?) TCP 1494
TCP 2598
UDP 1494
UDP 2598
UDP 16500-16509
UDP 3224-3324
HDX ICA
Enlightened Data Transport
Session Reliability
UDP Audio
Framehawk
All Internet
All internal users
NetScaler Gateway VIP (public IP) TCP 80
TCP 443
UDP 443
Connections from browsers and native Receivers
DTLS for UDP Audio
All Internet
All internal DNS servers
SNIP ADNS Listener (Public IP) UDP 53
TCP 53
ADNS (for GSLB)
Web logging server NSIPs TCP 3010 Web logging polls the NetScalers.
NSIPs NetScaler MAS or other SNMP Trap Destination UDP 161
UDP 162
SNMP Traps
NSIPs NetScaler MAS or other AppFlow Collector UDP 4739
TCP 5557
AppFlow
  • Authentication traffic uses NSIPs by default. This can be changed by creating a local Load Balancing Virtual Server on the same appliance and sending authentication traffic through the Load Balancing VIP.
  • Several of the Load Balancing monitors run as Perl scripts, which are sourced from the NSIPs, not SNIP. But actual load balancing traffic uses SNIP as the source IP.
  • DNS Name Servers use ping for monitoring. This can be disabled by creating a local Load Balancing Virtual Server on the same appliance and sending DNS traffic through the load balancer.
  • In a ADC with a dedicated management network and default route on a different data network, configure Policy Based Routes (PBRs) to send NSIP-sourced traffic through a router on the NSIP subnet.

NetScaler MAS / Citrix ADM Firewall Rules

Citrix Application Delivery Management (ADM) monitors and manages the ADC appliances.

From To Protocol / Port Purpose
NetScaler MAS
ADM Floating IP
ADM Agent
NSIPs Ping
TCP 22
TCP 80
TCP 443
Discovery and configuration of NetScaler devices
MAS / ADM (Primary, Secondary) NSIPs UDP 161 SNMP
NSIPs NetScaler MAS
ADM Floating IP
ADM Agent
UDP 4739 AppFlow
NSIPs
SNIP
NetScaler MAS
ADM Floating IP
ADM Agent
TCP 5557 Logstream (ULFD)
NSIPs NetScaler MAS
ADM Floating IP
ADM Agent
UDP 161
UDP 162
SNMP Traps
NSIPs NetScaler MAS
ADM Floating IP
ADM Agent
UDP 514 Syslog
CPX NSIPs
VPX NSIPs
NetScaler MAS
ADM Floating IP
ADM Agent
TCP 27000
TCP 7279
Pooled Licensing
Administrator Machines NetScaler MAS
ADM Floating IP
ADM Agent
TCP 22
TCP 80
TCP 443
Web-based GUI
Director Servers NetScaler MAS
ADM Floating IP
TCP 80
TCP 443
Insight Integration with Director
NetScaler MAS / ADM LDAP(S)
LDAP(S) VIP
TCP 389
TCP 636
LDAP authentication
NetScaler MAS / ADM Mail Server TCP 25 Email alerts
NetScaler MAS / ADM NTP Server UDP 123 NTP
NetScaler MAS / ADM Syslog Server UDP 514 Syslog

Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops Firewall Rules

From To Protocol / Port Purpose
Administrator machines Controllers TCP 80/443
TCP 3389
PowerShell
RDP
Controllers SQL Server TCP 1433
UDP 1434
Other static port
SQL database
Controllers vCenter TCP 443 vCenter
Controllers SCVMM TCP 8100 SCVMM
Controllers Citrix Licensing TCP 27000
TCP 7279
TCP 8082-8083
TCP 80
Citrix Licensing
StoreFront servers Citrix Delivery Controllers TCP 80
TCP 443
XML
Secure Ticket Authority
StoreFront servers StoreFront servers TCP 808 Subscription Replication
StoreFront servers Domain Controllers in Trusted Domains TCP 88
TCP 135
TCP 445
TCP 389/636
TCP 49151-65535
RPC
Discussions
Administrator machines StoreFront servers TCP 3389 RDP
Administrator machines Citrix Licensing TCP 8082-8083
TCP 80
TCP 3389
Web-based administration GUI
RDP
Controllers All VDAs TCP 80 Brokering
All VDAs Controllers TCP 80 Registration
All VDAs Global Catalogs
(Domain Controllers)
TCP 3268 Registration
All Receivers
(Internal)
StoreFront SSL Load Balancing VIP TCP 80
TCP 443
Internal access to StoreFront
All Receivers NetScaler Gateway VIP TCP 80
TCP 443
External (or internal) access to NetScaler Gateway
All Receivers
(Internal)
All VDAs TCP 1494
TCP 2598
UDP 16500-16509
UDP 3224-3324
ICA/HDX
Session Reliability
UDP Audio
Framehawk
Administrator machines Director TCP 3389 RDP
Administrator machines
Help Desk machines
Director TCP 80
TCP 443
Web-based GUI
Director Controllers TCP 80
TCP 443
Director
Administrator machines
Help Desk machines
All VDAs TCP 135
TCP 3389
Remote Assistance

Also see Microsoft Technet Which ports are used by a RDS 2012 deployment?

Citrix Provisioning Firewall Rules

From To Protocol / Port Purpose
Provisioning Servers SQL Server TCP 1433
UDP 1434
Other static port
SQL database for Provisioning Services
Provisioning Servers Provisioning Servers SMB File copy of vDisk files
Provisioning Servers Provisioning Servers UDP 6890-6909 Inter-server communication
Provisioning Servers Citrix Licensing TCP 27000
TCP 7279
TCP 8082-8083
TCP 80
Citrix Licensing
Provisioning Servers Controllers TCP 80
TCP 443
Setup Wizards to create machines
Provisioning Servers vCenter TCP 443 Setup Wizards to create machines
Provisioning Servers Target Devices UDP 6901
UDP 6902
UDP 6905
Provisioning Services Console Target Device power actions (e.g. Restart)
Administrator machines Provisioning Servers TCP 3389
TCP 54321
TCP 54322
TCP 54323
RDP
SOAP
Controllers Provisioning Servers TCP 54321
TCP 54322
TCP 54323
Add machines to Catalog
Target Devices DHCP Servers UDP 67 DHCP
Target Devices KMS Server TCP 1688 KMS Licensing
Target Devices Provisioning Servers UDP 69
UDP 67/4011
UDP 6910-6969
TFTP
PXE
Streaming (expanded port range)
Target Devices Provisioning Servers UDP 6969
UDP 2071
Two-stage boot (BDM)
Target Devices Provisioning Servers TCP 54321
TCP 54322
TCP 54323
Imaging Wizard to SOAP Service

Citrix Workspace app 1909

Last Modified: Sep 21, 2019 @ 4:24 pm

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Workspace app is the new name for Receiver. This post applies to all Receiver versions 4.0 and newer, including the LTSR versions.

ūüí° = Recently Updated

Change Log

Workspace app and Receiver Versions

Workspace app is the new name for Receiver.

Upgrading Receiver to versions newer than 4.12 results in a new systray icon color (blue instead of black), and renaming from Receiver to Workspace app. Otherwise, functionality of Workspace app is identical to Receiver.

Workspace app uses a YYMM (year/month) versioning format, of which version 1909 is the newest. See What’s new in Citrix Workspace app 1909 at Citrix Docs for the list of new features.

The LTSR (Long Term Service Release) version of Receiver is version 4.9.8000. Receiver 4.9.6001 and newer resolve a Security Vulnerability.

Workspace app and Receiver Modules

The Workspace app and Receiver installer deploys multiple modules. Here are the important ones:

  • ICA Engine (wfica.exe) ‚Äď process that uses the ICA protocol to connect to published apps and desktops.
  • Self-Service (selfservice.exe)¬†‚Äď gets icons from StoreFront and displays them in a Window. When an icon is clicked, Self-service passes the ICA file to the ICA Engine to establish a connection.
  • Single Sign-on (SSON) for ICA (ssonsvr.exe) – captures user credentials and submits them to VDAs after an ICA connection is established
  • Workspace / Receiver Auto-Update (CitrixReceiverUpdater.exe) – Receiver 4.8 and newer – Notifies users of Receiver updates. The most recent name for this component is Citrix Workspace Update.

The PNAgent module is not included in Workspace app or Receiver 4.0 and newer. The older Receiver Enterprise includes the PNAgent module, but does not include Self-Service. The last version of Receiver Enterprise is 3.4.

Custom ICA files are no longer supported. However, Ryan Butler has created a script that asks StoreFront for an ICA file. Explicit credentials are supported. Find the script at Github.

Workspace app and Receiver Discovery and Beacon Process

If you are using Workspace app’s / Receiver’s built-in user interface (instead of a web browser), then Workspace app and Receiver first prompts you to perform discovery, which is also called¬†Add Account.

Enter either a StoreFront FQDN, or a NetScaler Gateway FQDN. Just enter the FQDN. There’s no need to enter https or a path.

Workspace app or Receiver will contact the FQDN and request download of the StoreFront Provisioning File.

  • If you entered a StoreFront FQDN, then Workspace app or Receiver will download the Provisioning File directly from the StoreFront server.
  • If you entered a Gateway FQDN, then Gateway will first prompt the user to authenticate. After authentication, Gateway will connect to its configured Account Services address, and download the Provisioning File from StoreFront. The Account Services address is configured in the NetScaler Gateway Session Profile on the Published Applications tab.

If your StoreFront server is configured with multiple stores, then the user will be prompted to select a store. Unfortunately, there’s no configuration option in NetScaler Gateway to force a particular store.

The Provisioning File downloaded from StoreFront is an XML document containing values for several items configured in the StoreFront console. You can export the Provisioning File from the StoreFront console by right-clicking a Store.

The ReceiverConfig.cr Provisioning File looks something like this:

Here are the values in the Provisioning File:

  • Address – the Base URL configured in StoreFront Console
  • Internal Beacon – as configured in StoreFront Console. This can be the Base URL, or a manually specified URL.
  • External Beacons – as configured in StoreFront Console
  • Gateways – as configured in StoreFront Console. If there are multiple Gateways, when enabling Remote Access on the Store, then only one Gateway is selected as Default
  • SRID – Store ID. An important value to consider for multi-datacenter configurations. The SRID is set when the Store is created. It can also be changed by editing¬†C:\inetpub\wwwroot\Citrix\Roaming\web.config.

Workspace app or Receiver reads the Provisioning File, and configures itself by inserting the file’s contents into the user’s registry. The values are located under HKCU\Software\Citrix\Dazzle\Sites and HKCU\Software\Citrix\Receiver\SR. If you performed discovery through NetScaler Gateway, notice that the internal Base URL is added to the user’s registry.

Once Workspace app or Receiver is configured, it then performs the following steps:

  1. Attempt to connect to the Internal Beacon.
  2. If the Internal Beacon is reachable, connect directly to the StoreFront Base URL (Address).
  3. If the Internal Beacon is not reachable:
    1. Attempt to connect to the External Beacons. If the External Beacons are not reachable, then stop attempting to connect.
    2. Connect to the Gateway address configured in the Provisioning File. If there is more than one Gateway, connect to the Gateway that is marked as the Default.

Here are some interesting notes on this connection process:

  • The FQDN you entered during Discovery has absolutely nothing to do with how Workspace app or Receiver connects to StoreFront or Gateway. The actual connection process is controlled by the contents of the Provisioning File, not the Discovery address.
  • If the Provisioning File has multiple Gateways defined, Workspace app or Receiver uses whichever Gateway is marked as Default. Workspace app and Receiver completely ignore whatever Gateway FQDN you entered during Discovery. To use a non-default Gateway, the user must manually select the other Gateway in Workspace app’s / Receiver’s Advanced Preferences.

In StoreFront Console, if any configuration changes are performed that affect the Provisioning File, do the Workspace apps / Receivers reconfigure themselves automatically? Or do users have to remove Accounts and re-add (or Reset Citrix Workspace / Receiver) so the updated Provisioning File is imported?

Here are some additional methods of performing Workspace app or Receiver Discovery:

  • After exporting the Provisioning File from StoreFront Console, distribute it to users, and ask them to double-click it.


  • After logging in to Receiver for Web (StoreFront), at the top right, click the user name, and click¬†Activate. This downloads the¬†receiverconfig.cr file, which is identical to the one you can export from StoreFront Console. The user then must run the downloaded file.

Virtual Monitors

In Workspace app 1812 and newer, when connected to a published desktop on a single monitor, you can split the screen into virtual monitors. This feature is intended for large 4K monitors.

  • In the desktop toolbar at the top of the screen, click Preferences.
  • Switch to the¬†Monitor Layout tab.
  • On the bottom, select¬†Horizontal or¬†Vertical, then click somewhere in the blue box to draw a line. The single monitor will be split along this line. You can set different DPI for each portion of the virtual display.
  • Right-clicking one of the split sections changes that section to the primary display.
  • Click OK when done.
  • In the toolbar, click Window to resize it to a window, and then click Full Screen to cause your virtual monitor configuration to take effect.

Uninstall Old Clients

Workspace app and Receiver 4.4 and newer includes Receiver Clean-Up, so, in theory, it’s not necessary to uninstall old clients first. For more details, see Citrix¬†CTX135933¬†Upgrading to Citrix Receiver for Windows.

  • In Workspace app 1908 and older (including Receiver), to run it silently, run CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe /RCU /Silent or¬†CitrixReceiver.exe /RCU /Silent.
  • In Workspace app 1909 and newer, /forceinstall switch is the replacement for /rcu switch. ūüí°

For a reliable upgrade experience, write a script to remove the old clients, clean up the registry and file system, and then deploy the new Workspace app or Receiver.

Citrix Blog Post Cookbook to Upgrade from Receiver 3.4 for Windows to Receiver 4.2.100 and Citrix Article CTX135933 Upgrading to Citrix Receiver for Windows contains step-by-step procedure to use Group Policy to uninstall Receiver Enterprise 3.4 and install/configure Workspace app or Receiver 4.x.

The Receiver Clean-Up utility for Receiver 4.3 and older is designed to assist with the following scenarios:

  • When errors occur during upgrade from an earlier version of Receiver, or Online Plug-in
  • When unexpected behavior or performance is experienced after upgrade from an earlier Receiver or Online Plug-in
  • If Receiver upgrade is not possible due to feature incompatibility and/or a clean uninstall is required
  • The Receiver Clean-Up Utility removes components, files, and registry values of Online Plug-in 11.x, 12.x, and Receiver for Windows 3.x, 4.x (Online Plugin-in 13.x, 14.x). This includes the Offline Plug-in component if installed.

Citrix CTX325140: How to Remove Client Files Remaining on System after Uninstalling Receiver for Windows.

Blog posts from Shaun Ritchie:

Installation and Configuration

This section contains a summary of all common command line switches, registry keys, and policy settings for Workspace app and Receiver.

Links:

CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe version 1909 (Current Release), or CitrixReceiver.exe version 4.9.8000 (Long Term Service Release), can be installed by simply double-clicking it.

Administrator vs non-administrator

  • Non-administrator – If a non-administrator installs Workspace app or Receiver, then each non-administrator that logs in to the same workstation will have to reinstall Workspace app or Receiver.
    • Non-administrator installations are installed to %USERPROFILE%\AppData\Local\Citrix\ICA Client for each user.
  • Administrator – If CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe or¬†CitrixReceiver.exe is installed using an administrator account. then the Workspace app or Receiver only needs to be installed once.
    • Administrator installations are installed to C:\Program Files (x86)\Citrix\ICA Client.
    • Administrator installations cannot be upgraded by non-administrators.
  • Conflicts – If an administrator install of Workspace app or Receiver is performed on a machine that has non-administrator installs of Workspace app or Receiver, then the two installations will conflict. Best option is to uninstall non-admin Workspace app and Receiver before installing admin Workspace app or Receiver. Otherwise, the user’s profile probably has to be reset before Workspace app or Receiver is functional again.

Receiver 4.12 Crypto Changes

Workspace app and Receiver for Windows 4.12 provide support for DTLS v1.2 for ICA connections to the VDA.

The latest Crypto Kit has deprecated all TLS_RSA_* cipher suites. For compatibility with VDA older than 7.18, there is an option in the Receiver GPO to enable/disable these cipher suites. Administrative Templates | Citrix Components | Citrix Workspace (or Receiver) | Network Routing | Deprecated Cipher Suites. More info at CTX234227 Receiver for Windows Crypto Kit Updates.

Some NetScaler configuration changes might be needed to handle the newer Crypto Kit. See¬†CTX235241¬†Citrix Receiver for Windows‚Äď Troubleshooting Application or Desktop Launch Failures with TLS or DTLS

Auto-Update

Auto-Update is broken in Receiver 4.11 and older. You’ll have to manually install Workspace app 1909.

Workspace app and Receiver 4.8 and newer support auto-update. Some notes:

  • If Workspace app or Receiver is installed as administrator, then only administrators can install the auto-update.
  • If Workspace app or Receiver is installed on a VDA, auto-update is automatically disabled. This includes Remote PC.
  • Auto-update can be limited to LTSR updates only.
  • Auto-update is configurable through several mechanisms: group policy, StoreFront, Workspace app or Receiver GUI, installer command line. See¬†Configuring Citrix Workspace Updates at Citrix Docs.

  • See George Spiers¬†Citrix Receiver for Windows Auto-Update.

To troubleshoot Auto-update, see Citrix CTX226779 Troubleshooting Citrix Receiver Updates.

Auto-update is broken in Receiver for Windows 4.11 and older, and Receiver for Mac 12.9 and older. To fix it, manually upgrade to the next version (e.g.¬†Workspace app for Mac), or install the Fix that can be downloaded from the Receiver download page (Source =¬†CTX234657¬†Receiver Updater stops working with “Problem Checking for updates” error)

Auto-update is configured using Workspace app or Receiver group policy under the Citrix Workspace Updates, Receiver Updates or Auto-Update node.




Workspace app Splash Screen

Workspace app shows a Splash Screen on first launch with the text “Citrix Workspace app extends the capabilities of Citrix Receiver”.

To prevent this splash screen, set the following registry value: (source = Dennis Span on Twitter)

  • Key =¬†HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Citrix\Splashscreen
    • Value (REG_SZ) =¬†SplashscreenShown = 1

Add Account Wizard

From Citrix CTX135438 How to Suppress the Add Account Window in Citrix Receiver for Windows: After installation, Workspace app or Receiver will launch and ask you to add an account. If Workspace app or Receiver 4.4.1000 or newer, notice the checkbox Do not show this window automatically at logon.

For Workspace app and Receiver 4.4 and newer, FTU (First Time Use aka Add Account Wizard) will be displayed only if a store is not configured. If a store is already configured via command line, GPO, or Citrix Studio, then FTU screen will not be available after installation. Otherwise, FTU can be suppressed by doing one of the following:  (Note: Receiver 4.4.1000 and newer has a fix for preventing the Add Account wizard)

  • Rename CitrixReceiver.exe to CitrixReceiverWeb.exe.
  • Rename¬†CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe to¬†CitrixWorkspaceAppWeb.exe.
  • Install using a command line switch:
    • CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe¬†/ALLOWADDSTORE=N
    • CitrixReceiver.exe¬†/ALLOWADDSTORE=N
  • Set the registry value: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Citrix\EnableFTU=dword:00000000 (or EnableX1FTU =dword:0)
  • Disable the EnableFTU¬†policy setting in¬†Receiver.admx.
  • Change Registry values post installation to suppress the Add Account window. Under HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle, set AllowAddStore value to N.
  • Set the registry value:¬†HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Citrix\Receiver\NeverShowConfigurationWizard (REG_SZ) = true
  • Also see¬†Suppressing Add Account dialog at Citrix Docs.

Discover Hidden Stores

When Receiver is first launched, it must perform Discovery, which is the process of downloading the .xml provisioning file from StoreFront. Discovery is performed by entering a StoreFront FQDN or Gateway FQDN. To discover a hidden store (a store that’s not advertised), add %StoreName to the end of the FQDN.¬†CTX214819¬†Unable to add account from Receiver dialog If the store is hidden in storefront.

CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe / CitrixReceiver.exe Command line switches

Citrix Blog Post Citrix Receiver Command Line Helper Tool contains a GUI tool to build your installer command line.

For unattended installation of Workspace app or Receiver, see CTA Dennis Span Citrix Workspace App unattended installation with PowerShell or Citrix Receiver unattended installation with PowerShell.

Installer Command Line Switches are detailed at Configure and install Receiver for Windows using command-line parameters at Citrix Docs. Common Command line switches include the following:

  • /silent
  • /includeSSON ‚Äď enables pass-through authentication. GPO configuration is also required as detailed below.
    CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe /includeSSON
    
    CitrixReceiver.exe /includeSSON
  • /ALLOWADDSTORE=A ‚Äď by default, only SSL (HTTPS) stores are accepted. To allow non-SSL stores:
    CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe /ALLOWADDSTORE=A
    
    CitrixReceiver.exe /ALLOWADDSTORE=A
  • /STORE0 ‚Äď To add a store from the installation command line:
    CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe STORE0="AppStore;https://Citrix.corp.com/Citrix/MyStore/discovery;on;App Store"
    
    CitrixReceiver.exe STORE0="AppStore;https://Citrix.corp.com/Citrix/MyStore/discovery;on;App Store"
    • Workspace App and Receiver 4.10 and newer can discover the Store through NetScaler Gateway.
      CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe STORE0="AppStore;https://gateway.corp.com#MyStore/Citrix/MyStore/Discovery;On;App Store"
      
      CitrixReceiver.exe STORE0="AppStore;https://gateway.corp.com#MyStore/Citrix/MyStore/Discovery;On;App Store"
  • /SELFSERVICEMODE=False ‚Äď disables the Self-Service interface and enables shortcut-only mode:
    CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe /SELFSERVICEMODE=False
    
    CitrixReceiver.exe /SELFSERVICEMODE=False
  • /AutoUpdateCheck=auto /AutoUpdateStream=LTSR – enables Citrix Workspace (or Receiver) Update¬†notifications and sets it to LTSR Branch only. AutoUpdateCheck can also be set to manual or disabled. AutoUpdateStream can also be set to Current. See Configuring Citrix Workspace Updates at Citrix Docs.
    CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe /AutoUpdateCheck=auto /AutoUpdateStream=LTSR
    
    CitrixReceiver.exe /AutoUpdateCheck=auto /AutoUpdateStream=LTSR
  • /ENABLEPRELAUNCH=True ‚Äď enables prelaunch:
    CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe /ENABLEPRELAUNCH=True
    
    CitrixReceiver.exe /ENABLEPRELAUNCH=True
  • /ALLOW_CLIENTHOSTEDAPPSURL=1 ‚Äď enables Local App Access:
    CitrixWorkspaceApp.exe /ALLOW_CLIENTHOSTEDAPPSURL=1
    
    CitrixReceiver.exe /ALLOW_CLIENTHOSTEDAPPSURL=1

Registry values

HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle on the Workspace app or Receiver machine. All are of type REG_SZ (string) unless specified. Note: several of these are configurable using the Reciever.admx group policy template.

  • SelfServiceMode¬†(REG_SZ) = False¬†–¬†Turns off Workspace app’s / Receiver’s Self-Service interface.
  • PutShortcutsOnDesktop (REG_SZ) = True¬†–¬†If Self-Service interface is disabled, places all shortcuts on desktop.
  • UseDifferentPathsforStartmenuAndDesktop (REG_SZ) = True
    • UseCategoryAsStartMenuPath (REG_SZ) = True or False
    • UseCategoryAsDesktopPath¬†(REG_SZ) = True or False
  • StartMenuDir (REG_SZ) = name of folder on Start Menu where shortcuts are placed.
  • DesktopDir (REG_SZ) = name of folder on Desktop where shortcuts are placed
  • EnablePreLaunch (REG_SZ) = True¬†–¬†If SSON is enabled then PreLaunch is already enabled by default.
  • AllowAddStore (REG_SZ) = A¬†–¬†Only if using http (instead of https) to connect to StoreFront.
  • AllowSavePwd (REG_SZ) = A¬†–¬†Only if using http (instead of https) to connect to StoreFront.
  • UserDomainName (REG_SZ) = pre-filled domain name
  • InitialRefreshMinMs (REG_SZ) = 1 – minimizes the launch delay before contacting store
  • InitialRefreshMaxMs (REG_SZ) = 1¬†– minimizes the launch delay before contacting store
  • RefreshMs (REG_SZ) =¬†3600000 (1 hour) – interval for Receiver icon refreshes. 1 hour is the default value.
  • MaxSimultaneousFetches (REG_DWORD) = 6¬† –¬†improves the time of loading icons in Start Menu
  • MaxSimultaneousSubscribes (REG_DWORD) = 6¬†–¬†improves the time of loading icons in Start Menu
  • DontWarnOfRemovedResources (REG_SZ) = True –¬†prevents dialog boxes when resources are removed from the server. (or False as mentioned at Citrix Discussions?)
  • SilentlyUninstallRemovedResources (REG_SZ) = True –¬†prevents dialog boxes when resources are removed from the server
  • PreferTemplateDirectory (REG_SZ) = UNC path or local path containing shortcuts copied by the prefer keyword. Give the shortcuts a short name.
  • PnaSSONEnabled (REG_SZ) = True –¬†Enables Single Sign-on for PNAgent (Web Interface).
  • WSCReconnectMode (REG_SZ) = 3 (default) – If this Workspace app or Receiver is running inside a VDA published desktop, set it to 0.
  • AlwaysUseStubs (REG_SZ) = True. Workspace app and Receiver 4.3.100 and newer don’t create .exe stubs by default. Set this to create .exe stubs. Also see Citrix¬†CTX211893¬†Controlling Shortcut behavior in Receiver 4.3.100.
  • DontCreateAddRemoveEntry¬†(REG_SZ) = True – don’t create “Delivered by Citrix” entries in Programs and Features
  • DesktopNameFormatString¬†= format string for shortcut names – For example¬†“{0}_{1}_{2}_{3}”. See the link for details.
  • SelfServiceFlags¬†(REG_DWORD) = 4¬†– prevents duplicate shortcuts when roaming and Desktop is redirected.
  • ReEvaluateNetwork (REG_SZ) = true – for Beacon detection with Single FQDN

To prevent the Win+G popup on Windows 10 machines:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\
    • AllowGameDVR (REG_DWORD) = 0

To allow adding non-HTTPS stores to Workspace app or Receiver:

  • HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Citrix\AuthManager
    • ConnectionSecurityMode¬†(REG_SZ) = Any

To increase ICA bandwidth consumption over high latency links, set:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\ICA Client\Engine\Configuration\Advanced\Modules\TCP/IP

To prevent beacon probing from using proxy, set:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\WOW6432Node\Citrix\Receiver\inventory
    • BeaconProxyEnabled¬†(REG_DWORD) = 0

To enable foreground progress bar, set:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\ICA Client
    • ForegroundProgressBar¬†(REG_DWORD) = 1

For client-to-server file type redirection, set:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\ICA Client\Engine\Configuration\Advanced\Modules\ClientDrive
    • NativeDriveMapping=‚ÄĚTRUE‚ÄĚ

To fix USB devices that emulate a keyboard, set:

  • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\ICA Client\Engine\Lockdown Profiles\All Regions\Lockdown\Virtual Channels\Keyboard
    • KeyboardTimer=‚ÄĚ10‚ÄĚ

To prevent ‚ÄúUSB Hub Power Exceeded‚ÄĚ message, set (not needed in 4.2.100¬†and newer):

  • HKLM\SOFTWARE\Citrix\ICA Client\GenericUSB (same path for 32-bit and 64-bit, create the keys)
    • DisableInternalDeviceCtlDispatchHook (DWORD) = 0x1

To override the devices that are mapped using optimized channels instead of generic USB, see Citrix CTX123015 How to Configure Automatic Redirection of USB Devices

Group Policy Settings

Copy the Workspace app or Receiver ADMX template (C:\Program Files (x86)\Citrix\ICA Client\Configuration\receiver.admx) to C:\Windows\PolicyDefinitions (or Sysvol). Also copy receiver.adml to C:\Windows\PolicyDefinitions\en-us (or Sysvol).

Edit a GPO that applies to client machines, go to Computer Configuration | Policies | Administrative Templates | Citrix Components | Citrix Workspace (or Receiver) and configure the following:

  • To enable pass-through authentication: go to | User Authentication |.
  • To add a store, go to | StoreFront |
    • StoreFront Accounts List ‚Äď see the help text
  • To enable Auto-Update, go to¬†|AutoUpdate| or¬†|Receiver Updates| or¬†|Citrix Workspace Updates|. (the node was renamed in 4.11 and Workspace app)
    • Enable or Disable AutoUpdate or
    • Receiver Updates or
    • Citrix Workspace Updates
  • To enable Local App Access,¬†go to | User Experience |
    • Local App Access Settings
  • To configure the Self-Service interface, go to | SelfService |
    • Set Manage SelfServiceMode to Disabled to completely disable the Self-Service window. This causes all icons to be placed on the Start Menu.
    • Enable Manage App Shortcut and configure it as desired.
      • To allow the Self-Service window, but prevent it from automatically opening (reside in systray), tick¬†Prevent Citrix Workspace (or Receiver) performing a refresh of the application list when opened. Source
    • Enable Control when Workspace (or Receiver) attempts to reconnect to existing sessions. If this is a VDA published desktop, set it to Disabled. Otherwise configure it as desired.
    • Set Enable FTU to Disabled ¬†to prevent the Add Account wizard from displaying.
    • Enable¬†Allow/Prevent users to publish unsafe content¬†if publishing content that’s opens a file or file share.

Enable automatic client drive and client microphone mapping.

  • In a client-side GPO, add the GPO ADM template from http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX133565.
  • Enable the setting Create Client Selective Trust Keys. See Below¬†for details.
  • Configure the FileSecurityPermission setting in one or more of the regions.
  • Configure the MicrophoneAndWebcamSecurityPermission setting in one or more of the regions.

Citrix CTX203658 Start Menu Icons Set to Default (Blank Document) After Update to Receiver 4.3.100 РWindows 8 and newer

  • Computer Configuration | Policies | Administrative Templates | Windows Components |¬†File Explorer
    • Allow the use of remote paths in file shortcut icons = enabled

Deploy Workspace app or Receiver using Active Directory

To deploy Workspace app or Receiver using Active Directory, configure a GPO with a computer startup script that runs the Workspace app or Receiver installer executable. Citrix provides sample scripts that can be downloaded from one of the Workspace app or Receiver download pages (Workspace app version 1909 (Current Release), or Receiver version 4.9.8000 (LTSR) by expanding Downloads for Admins (Deployment Tools). An enhanced version of the installation script can be found in Citrix Discussions.

Also see CTA Dennis Span Citrix Receiver unattended installation with PowerShell.

Change Workspace App or Receiver Store Configuration, including Reset Citrix Workspace / Receiver

You can change Workspace app’s / Receiver’s configured Store/Account with a couple command lines: (from 4.4 LTSR store configuration per user at Citrix Discussions)

"C:\Program Files (x86)\Citrix\ICA Client\SelfServicePlugin\SelfService.exe" -deleteproviderbyname Corporate 
"C:\Program Files (x86)\Citrix\ICA Client\SelfServicePlugin\SelfService.exe" -init -createprovider Corporate https://storefront.corp.com/Citrix/Store/discovery

 

It is sometimes necessary to Reset Citrix Workspace or Reset Receiver by right-clicking the Workspace app or Receiver systray icon, clicking Advanced Preferences, and clicking the Reset link. You can do this from the command line by running "C:\Program Files (x86)\Citrix\ICA Client\SelfServicePlugin\CleanUp.exe" -cleanUser -silent. See CTX140149 How to Reset Receiver Using the Command Line.


Receiver for Edge

The Receiver for Web experience in Microsoft Edge is not ideal. Every time a user clicks an icon, the user has the click the Open button after the .ica file is downloaded.

Citrix Blog Post Providing Full Receiver for Web Experience for Microsoft Edge has instructions for enabling the Receiver Launcher for Edge. Use your preferred text editor to open web.config for the RfWeb site you would like to configure (typically C:\inetpub\wwwroot\Citrix\StoreWeb\web.config). Locate the line like this: <protocolHandler enabled="true" platforms="(Macintosh|Windows NT).*((Firefox/((5[3-9]|[6789][0-9])|\d\d\d))|(Chrome/((4[2-9]|[56789][0-9])|\d\d\d)))(?!.*Edge)". Remove (?!.*Edge) and save the file.

But once you do that, you get a new switch apps prompt every time you launch an icon from Edge.

To stop the switch apps pop-up, on the client side, edit the registry, go to
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ProtocolExecute\receiver (create missing registry keys), create DWORD value WarnOnOpen, and set it to 0 (zero). You can use Group Policy Preferences to deploy this registry value.

Workspace app or Receiver Group Policy ADMX Template

Many of the Workspace app and Receiver configuration settings must be configured in group policy. These Workspace app and Receiver settings are only available after installing the GPO templates.

  1. From a machine that has Workspace app or Receiver installed, find the .admx and .adml files in the C:\Program Files (x86)\Citrix\ICA Client\Configuration.
    • You can also download the ADMX files from one of the Workspace app or Receiver¬†download pages (Workspace app version¬†1909¬†(Current Release), or Receiver version 4.9.8000 (LTSR))¬†by expanding¬†Downloads for Admins (Deployment¬†Tools).
  2. Copy the CitrixBase.admx and receiver.admx files. Also copy the en-US folder. In Workspace app, the files are still named receiver.admx.
  3. Go to your domain’s SYSVOL share and in the Policies folder look for a PolicyDefinitions folder. If one exists, paste the .admx file directly into the PolicyDefinitions folder. If this folder doesn’t exist in SYSVOL, instead copy the .admx file to C:\Windows\PolicyDefinitions. Overwrite any existing Receiver ADMX files.
  4. The GPO settings can then be found at one of the following:
    • Computer Configuration > Policies > Administrative Templates > Citrix Components > Citrix Workspace
    • Computer Configuration > Policies > Administrative Templates > Citrix Components > Citrix Receiver
  5. For example, you can disable Customer Experience Improvement Program (CEIP) from here.
  6. See https://www.carlstalhood.com/delivery-controller-cr-and-licensing/#ceip for additional places where CEIP is enabled.
  7. Workspace app 1905 and newer has a setting to Disable sending data to 3rd party (e.g. Google Analytics).
  8. Workspace app 1905 and newer let you disable embedded browser caching.
  9. Workspace app 1905 and newer have NetScaler LAN Proxy under Network routing > Proxy.
  10. Workspace app 1808 and newer have User authentication | Single Sign-on for NetScaler Gateway.
  11. Receiver 4.12 adds Network Routing | Deprecated cipher suites to configure deprecated ciphers.

  12. Citrix Workspace Updates, or Receiver Updates (aka AutoUpdate) can be configured using group policy. See Configuring Citrix Workspace Updates at Citrix Docs.


  13. Workspace app and Receiver 4.10 and newer have settings to hide Advanced Preferences, enable/disable DPI, and enable/disable H265.
  14. Workspace app and Receiver 4.8 and newer have SplitDevices GPO setting under Citrix Workspace | Remoting client devices | Generic USB Remoting. See Configuring composite USB device redirection at Citrix Docs.

Pass-through Authentication

Citrix blog post ‚Äď A Comprehensive Guide to Enabling Pass-Through Authentication with XenDesktop 7.5

  1. Run the command
    Set-BrokerSite -TrustRequestsSentToTheXmlServicePort $True from a Windows PowerShell command prompt on a Delivery Controller.

  2. Login to the PC as an administrator.
  3. If installing Workspace app or Receiver for Windows 4.4 or newer, as an administrator, during installation, on the Enable Single Sign-on page, check the box next to Enable Single Sign-on. Then finish the installation.

  4. If installing an older version of Receiver:
    1. Go to the downloaded Citrix Receiver. Shift-right-click CitrixReceiver.exe, and click Copy as path.
    2. Open a command prompt.
    3. Right-click to paste the path in the command prompt and then add /includeSSON to the end of the command. Press <Enter>.
    4. Click Install when prompted.
  5. To verify that SSON is installed, go to C:\Program Files (x86)\Citrix\ICA Client and look for the file ssonsvr.exe.
  6. And if you open regedit and go to HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\NetworkProvider\Order, you should see PnSson in the ProviderOrder.
  7. Install the receiver.admx (and .adml) template into PolicyDefinitions if you haven’t already.
  8. Edit a GPO that is applied to the client PCs where the Workspace app or Citrix Receiver is installed.
  9. Go to Computer Configuration > Policies > Administrative Templates > Citrix Components > Citrix Workspace (or Citrix Receiver).
  10. Expand Citrix Workspace (or Citrix Receiver) and click User authentication.
  11. On the right, double-click Local user name and password.
  12. Select Enabled and then check the box next to Allow pass-through authentication for all ICA connections. Click OK.
  13. In Workspace app 1808 and newer, you can enable Single Sign-on for NetScaler Gateway.
  14. Ensure that the internal StoreFront FQDN is in the Local Intranet zone in Internet Explorer. You can use a GPO to configure this on the client side.
  15. Local Intranet zone should have Automatic logon only in Intranet zone enabled.
  16. Logoff Windows and log back on. In Task Manager you should now see ssonsvr.exe. This won’t appear unless you logoff and log back on.
  17. If Workspace app or Receiver won’t connect or is slow to enumerate icons, then you might have to disable Automatically detect settings in IE.
  18. In Receiver 4.5 and newer, right-click the Workspace app or Receiver icon and click Advanced Preferences.
  19. Click Configuration Checker.
  20. Check the box next to SSONChecker and click Run.
  21. The lines with red x will indicate the issue and corrective action.

StoreFront Accounts

You can use a client-side GPO to add a store (Account) to Workspace app or Receiver Self-Service.

  1. Install the receiver.admx (and .adml) template into PolicyDefinitions if you haven’t already.
  2. Edit a GPO that applies to endpoint devices that have Citrix Workspace app or Receiver installed.
  3. Go to Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Policies > Citrix Components > Citrix Workspace (or Receiver) > StoreFront.
  4. On the right, double-click NetScaler Gateway URL/StoreFront Accounts List.
  5. Select Enabled, and then click Show.
  6. Enter a store path based on the example shown in the Help box. Workspace app and Receiver 4.5 let you enter a Gateway path. Then click OK.
  7. Note: Gateway paths work in GPO, but might not work when specified in the CitrixReceiver.exe installation command line.

Published Shortcuts and Reconnect

Citrix CTX200924 How to Customize App Shortcuts with Receiver for Windows

Workspace app and Receiver 4.5 and newer have a user interface for setting Shortcut Paths. Right-click the Workspace app or Receiver systray icon, click Advanced Preferences, and then click Shortcuts and Reconnect, or Settings Option.


From Citrix Docs Configuring application delivery: There are several methods of controlling how Workspace app or Receiver displays shortcuts on the Start Menu and Desktop as detailed below:

Under HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle (or HKCU\Software\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle) are several registry values related to shortcuts. Some of the settings only apply if SelfServiceMode is set to False. Here are some common options:

  • SelfServiceMode ‚Äď set to False so Receiver disables the Self-Service interface and automatically places all published shortcuts on the Start Menu and/or Desktop. More details in Configuring application delivery¬†at Citrix Docs.
  • PutShortcutsOnDesktop¬†– set to¬†True¬†to place every app on the desktop
  • DesktopDir ‚Äď Workspace app or Receiver places every shortcut on the desktop so it‚Äôs probably best to place them in a folder.
  • StartMenuDir ‚Äď If there is potentially a conflict between local apps and remote apps, then you should place the Start Menu shortcuts in a folder.
  • PreferTemplateDirectory (with KEYWORDS:prefer=shortcutname) ‚Äď copies the shortcutname from the template directory to the Start Menu and/or Desktop.

If you import the receiver.admx (and .adml) into the PolicyDefinitions folder, under Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Citrix Components > Citrix Workspace (or Receiver) is a node called SelfService.

Disable the Manage SelfServiceMode setting to hide the Workspace app or Receiver Window.

Enable the Manage App shortcut setting to control placement of shortcuts.

Workspace app and Receiver 4.2.100 and newer have the ability to configure (or disable) Workspace Control using group policy. Enable the setting Control when Citrix Workspace attempts to reconnect to existing sessions and configure it as desired.

Prelaunch

Staring with Receiver 4.2, prelaunch is automatically enabled if Workspace app or Receiver is installed with SSON enabled. Otherwise, set registry values to enable prelaunch. Receiver 4.2.100 prevents the prelaunch icon from appearing on the Start Menu.

  • HKLM\Software\[Wow6432Node\]Citrix\Dazzle
    • EnablePreLaunch (REG_SZ) = true or false

Additional customizations can be configured at:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\ICA Client\Prelaunch

  • Name: State
    • REG_SZ: 0 = disable, 1 = just-in-time pre-launch, 2 = scheduled pre-launch
  • Name: Schedule
    • REG_SZ: HH:MM|M:T:W:TH:F:S:SU where HH and MM are hours and minutes. M:T:W:TH:F:S:SU are the days of the week. For example, to enable scheduled pre-launch on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 1:45 p.m., set Schedule as Schedule=13:45|1:0:1:0:1:0:0 . The session actually launches between 1:15 p.m. and 1:45 p.m.
  • Name: UserOverride
    • REG_SZ: 0¬† = HKLM overrides HKCU, 1 = HKCU overrides HKLM

Device Access Behavior (Client Selective Trust)

When connecting to a XenApp/XenDesktop session, you might see the following:

To configure the default behavior, see the Citrix Knowledgebase article How to Configure Default Device Access Behavior of Receiver, XenDesktop and XenApp. Note: there is a bug fixed in Receiver 4.2.100 and newer.

  1. Download the ADMX file from http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX133565.
  2. Copy the .admx and .adml files to PolicyDefinitions (Sysvol, or C:\Windows).
  3. The .adml file goes in the en-US folder.
  4. Edit a GPO that applies to the endpoint devices that are running Receiver.
  5. Go to Computer Configuration | Policies | Administrative Templates | Citrix Components | Citrix Workspace (or Receiver) |  Citrix Client Selective Trust (x64).
  6. Enable the setting Create Client Selective Trust Keys.

  7. Then expand the regions, and configure the permission settings as desired.

Desktop Lock

As an alternative to Workspace app or Receiver Desktop Lock, see Transformer in Citrix Workspace Environment Manager.

External links:

Use Studio to configure Workspace app or Receiver Accounts in Published Desktop

In published desktops, Workspace app or Receiver can be used for placement of shortcuts on the user’s Start Menu and Desktop. Use group policy to hide the common program groups and then use Workspace app or Receiver to place published applications back on the Start Menu and Desktop based on user’s group membership and subscription preference.

  1. In Citrix Studio, on the left, expand the Configuration node, right-click StoreFront and click Add StoreFront.
  2. Enter a descriptive name for the StoreFront server.
  3. Enter the internal https URL of the load balanced StoreFront servers. Add the path to your store (e.g. /Citrix/Store) and then /discovery on the end of the URL. The full URL would be similar to https://citrix.corp.com/Citrix/Store/discovery. Click OK.
  4. Edit a Delivery Group that has a published desktop and Citrix Workspace app or Receiver installed.
  5. On the StoreFront page, change the selection to Automatically, using the StoreFront servers selected below, and then check the box next to the StoreFront URL. Click OK. Now when users launch the published desktop, Workspace app or Receiver will be automatically configured with this URL.

Published Desktop – use Workspace app or Receiver to control Shortcuts

If you install Workspace app or Receiver inside a published desktop (Workspace app or Receiver on a VDA), then Workspace app or Receiver can get icons from StoreFront and put those icons on the user’s published desktop Start Menu and Desktop. This is an alternative to using a User Experience Management product to control shortcut placement.

Note: Workspace app or Receiver tends to be slow to create Start Menu shortcuts, so make sure you perform a Proof of Concept to determine how this functionality impacts logon times.

Configuration of Workspace app or Receiver inside a published desktop is simplified if you have the following minimum versions:

  • Workspace app or Receiver 4.11 or newer installed inside the VDA
  • VDA 7.17 or newer
  • StoreFront 3.14 or newer

If you meet these minimum version requirements, then Workspace app or Receiver installed in the VDA automatically tries to launch published applications on the same local VDA rather than trying to launch them from a different VDA (aka double-hop). This feature is called vPrefer.

Do the following for all versions of Workspace app or Receiver, VDA, and StoreFront, whether using the Prefer keyword or not:

  1. Make sure Workspace app or Receiver version 4.11 or newer is installed on the VDA. Or install Receiver version 4.9.8000 (LTSR).
  2. Install the Workspace app or Receiver ADMX files if you haven’t already. For vPrefer, make sure they are the ADMX files from Workspace app or Receiver 4.11 or newer.
  3. Enable the Group Policy setting Remove common program groups from Start Menu and apply it to non-administrators.
    • This removes all Public (aka All Users) Start Menu shortcuts. Workspace app or Receiver will re-add the shortcuts based on user group membership.
  4. On the VDA, configure the following Workspace app or Receiver Registry keys (or corresponding settings in the receiver.admx GPO template):
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle\WSCReconnectMode=”0″ so Workspace app or Receiver doesn‚Äôt try to reconnect to the published desktop you‚Äôre already running.
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle\SelfServiceMode to False. This¬†turns off the Workspace app or Receiver Self-Service GUI and acts like all icons are subscribed. Otherwise, only subscribed (favorited) icons would be placed on the Start Menu and Desktop.
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle\UseCategoryAsStartMenuPath = True. This creates a Start Menu folder based on the published app’s configured Category.
  5. Configure each desired published app to Add shortcut to user’s desktop.

    • Or, configure HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle\PutShortcutsOnDesktop¬†= True¬†to¬†place all icons on the desktop.
  6. To control icon placement, configure the following registry values:
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle\StartMenuDir to place published¬†applications in a sub-folder. Note: Windows 2012 and newer only supports a single level of Start Menu folders, so setting this effectively turns off published app categories.
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle\DesktopDir to place published applications in a sub-folder on the desktop.
  7. Pass-through authentication:
    1. In a GPO that applies to the VDA, import the receiver.admx file, and set Local user name and password to Enabled. Check the box next to Allow pass-through authentication for all ICA connections.
    2. If you’re using Gateway internally, and if Workspace app 1808 or newer, then also enable¬†Single Sign-on for NetScaler Gateway.
    3. In a user-level GPO that applies to the VDA, add the StoreFront FQDN to the Local Intranet zone. Make sure it is not in the Trusted Sites zone, or enable Automatic logon with current user name and password for the Trusted Sites zone.
    4. Make sure ssonsvr.exe is running after you login to the VDA. If not, troubleshoot it.
  8. When configuring Citrix Profile Management, make sure !ctx_startmenu! is not excluded from roaming.
  9. In Citrix Studio, configure a Delivery Group with delivery type = Desktop and Applications. Assign users to the delivery group, and the individual published applications (if visibility is limited).
    1. In Citrix Studio, edit each published application, and on the Delivery tab, specify a category. This will become the Start Menu folder name.
    2. If Workspace app or Receiver Self Service Mode (GUI) is enabled, in Studio, edit each application, and add KEYWORDS:Auto and/or KEYWORDS:Mandatory to the published application description. This forces the applications to be subscribed/favorited. Only subscribed (or Favorite) apps are displayed in the Start Menu and Desktop. Unless you disable Workspace app or Receiver’s SelfService interface as described earlier.
    3. Another option is to go to the StoreFront Console, click Stores on the left, and on the right, click Configure Store Settings, and click Disable User Subscriptions. This causes all apps to appear on the Start Menu and/or Desktop depending on Workspace app or Receiver configuration.
  10. Create a group policy that applies to VDAs, and configure the group policy to define the Store URL for Workspace app or Receiver similar to https://citrix.corp.com/Citrix/Store/discovery. Replace the FQDN with your load balanced StoreFront FQDN. Also replace the path to the store with your store path. Make sure there is /discovery on the end. By default, Workspace app and Receiver only support https.
    1. Your StoreFront store probably delivers both application and desktop icons. If you want to filter out the desktop icons, then create a new StoreFront store, and configure the Workspace app or Receiver on the VDA to connect to the new Store.
    2. In StoreFront Console, click the store for VDAs, and click Configure Store Settings. On the Advanced Settings page, in the Filter resources by type row, choose Citrix.MPS.Desktop.
  11. For vPrefer in Workspace app or Receiver 4.11 (or newer), VDA 7.17 (or newer), and StoreFront 3.14 (or newer), edit a GPO that applies to the VDAs.
    1. Go to Computer Configuration | Policies | Administrative Templates | Citrix Components | Citrix Workspace (or Receiver) | SelfService.
    2. Edit the setting vPrefer. This setting is only in Workspace app or Receiver ADMX templates from Workspace app or Receiver 4.11 and newer.
    3. Set it to Allow all apps. Source = 7.17 vPrefer Рnot working with 32Bit Apps at Citrix Discussions.
  12. On your Delivery Controller, in PowerShell, run set-brokersite -TrustRequestsSentToTheXmlServicePort $true
    • This is required for Pass-through Authentication from Workspace app or Receiver.
  13. Configure your client devices to connect to the published desktop.
    1. When users connect to the published desktop, Workspace app or Receiver will auto-launch and hopefully auto-login.
    2. If Workspace app or Receiver Self-Service Mode is disabled, all published applications should automatically appear in the Start Menu and Desktop.
    3. If Workspace app or Receiver Self-Service Mode is enabled, then only applications with KEYWORDS:Auto and/or KEYWORDS:Mandatory in the published application description will be displayed. Users can open the systray icon to subscribe to more applications.
    4. Users can copy icons from the Start Menu to the desktop. Make sure the user Copies the icon and doesn’t Move it.
    5. Users can then launch applications directly from the Start Menu, from the Desktop, or from the Workspace app or Receiver (if the Self-Service interface is enabled).
    6. If Workspace app or Receiver 4.11 (or newer), VDA 7.17 (or newer), and StoreFront 3.14 (or newer), then vPrefer is enabled by default. When launching an app icon that came from Workspace app or Receiver, Workspace app or Receiver checks the local VDA machine to see if the application can be launched on the local VDA instead of by creating a new Citrix double-hop session.
    7. If the application is installed locally on the VDA then the local application shortcut should launch quickly. If the application is on a different delivery group then a second (double-hop) Citrix HDX/ICA connection will be established.
    8. If the user deletes Workspace app or Receiver shortcuts from the Start Menu, you can get them back by going to the systray icon and refreshing the applications. Or sometimes you have to reset Workspace app or Receiver.

If you are running components older than Receiver 4.11, VDA 7.17, and StoreFront 3.14, then you’ll need to configure the¬†prefer keyword to get Receiver delivered icons to launch on the local VDA instead of in a new double-hop Citrix connection.

  1. Enable the Group Policy setting Remove common program groups from Start Menu and apply it to non-administrators.
    1. For applications that are installed on the same VDA that is publishing the desktop, configure Group Policy Preferences to recreate the application shortcuts based on Active Directory group membership. Applications on other delivery groups are handled by Receiver.
    2. Or use the prefer keyword to copy shortcuts from the PreferTemplateDirectory.
  2. On the VDA, configure the following Receiver Registry keys (or corresponding settings in the receiver.admx GPO template):
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle\PreferTemplateDirectory = a UNC path or local path containing shortcuts to be copied by the prefer keyword.¬†This can point to C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu.
  3. In Citrix Studio, configure a Delivery Group with delivery type = Desktop and Applications. Assign users to the Delivery Group and the applications (if visibility is limited).
    1. In Studio, edit each application and change KEYWORDS:Prefer to KEYWORDS:prefer. Notice the lower case p. It doesn’t work with uppercase P.
      • With the prefer keyword, if you publish an application that is also created using Group Policy Preferences, the Group Policy Preferences icon will take precedence. This is good. Otherwise the Receiver published application icon would result in a new Citrix double-hop session.
      • See Ralph Jansen Citrix Receiver 4.1 Prefer keyword examples
    2. If using the prefer keyword with the PreferTemplateDirectory, enter it as KEYWORDS:prefer=shortcutname where shortcutname is the name of the shortcut that is copied from the Template directory.
  4. Configure your client devices to connect to the published desktop.
    1. When users connect to the published desktop, Group Policy Preferences will create shortcuts to local applications.
    2. Receiver will auto-launch and hopefully auto-login.
    3. If Receiver Self-Service Mode is disabled, all published applications should automatically appear in the Start Menu and Desktop.
    4. If Receiver Self-Service Mode is enabled then only applications with KEYWORDS:Auto and/or KEYWORDS:Mandatory in the published application description will be displayed. Users can open the systray icon to subscribe to more applications.
    5. For published applications with KEYWORDS:prefer=shortcutname, Receiver should copy icons from the template directory to the Start Menu and/or Desktop. See below for considerations.
    6. Users can copy icons from the Start Menu to the desktop. Make sure the user Copies the icon and doesn’t Move it.
    7. Users can then launch applications directly from the Start Menu, from the Desktop, or from the Receiver (if Self-Service interface is enabled).
    8. If a local shortcut (e.g. Group Policy Preferences shortcut, or copied from template directory) matches a published application with KEYWORDS:prefer then the local shortcut will override the published application icon.
    9. If the application is installed locally on the VDA then the local application shortcut should launch quickly. If the application is on a different delivery group then a second (double-hop) Citrix HDX/ICA connection will be established.
    10. If the user deletes Receiver shortcuts from the Start Menu, you can get them back by going to the systray icon and refreshing the applications. Or sometimes you have to reset Receiver.

Notes regarding Prefer Template Directory

  • Prefer Template Directory can point to¬†C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu, which is the All Users Start Menu.
  • The shortcuts copied from the Prefer Template Directory are renamed to match the published app name.
  • For prefer local apps, any command line parameters specified in the published app are ignored. If you need these command line parameters, add them to the shortcut in the Prefer Template Directory.
  • If you have multiple published apps pointing to the same prefer local shortcut, then only one copy will be made, and it will have the name of only one of the published apps. To workaround this, in the Prefer Template Directory, create separate shortcuts for each published app, and adjust the published app prefer¬†keyword accordingly.
  • Jan Hendrik Meier Automatic Shortcut generation for local installed applications in a Citrix XenDesktop / XenApp 7.x environment¬†has a script that can create shortcuts based on the published apps with¬†prefer keyword. These shortcuts can then be copied to your Prefer Template Directory.

How to Script/Automate Workspace app and Receiver Self-Service

From Citrix Knowledgebase article Driving the Citrix Receiver Self-Service Plug-in Programmatically: by default, Workspace app or Receiver Self-Service (SSP) activities are driven by user interaction. However, SSP exposes sufficient information for its activities to be scripted.

When SSP builds a shortcut, it builds it to a small stub application in a file %appdata%\Citrix\SelfService\app-name-with-spaces-removed.exe for each resource. These files allow SSP to create a fake ‘install’ record for Add/Remove Software. Running these .exe files causes the application to launch. Note: Workspace app and Receiver 4.3.100 and newer don’t create stubs by default. To enable, set¬†HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle\AlwaysUseStubs (REG_SZ) = true.

If you want to drive SSP directly for launch instead of through an .exe stub, look at the keys under HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall. There will be keys in there named farm-name@@server-farm-name.app-friendly-name. In these keys you’ll find a LaunchString value that shows the relevant parameters. These parameters are user-independent and can therefore be cloned from a reference user to a general case. You can copy and reuse these parameters without interpretation.

Running the command selfservice.exe ‚Äďinit ‚Äďipoll ‚Äďexit starts SSP, performs a refresh (interactive poll) from the current provider, and forces a clean exit.

Additional command line parameters are detailed at Driving the Citrix Receiver Self-Service Plug-in Programmatically.

 

Citrix Workspace app and Receiver come with a .dll file that implements the Citrix Common Connection Manager SDK. You can use the CCM SDK to do the following:

  • Launch Sessions
  • Disconnect Sessions
  • Logoff Sessions
  • Get Session Information

Citrix was kind enough to develop a PowerShell module that calls functions from the .dll. Get the CCMPowershellModule from Github. The PowerShell module contains functions like the following:

  • CCMTerminateApplication
  • CCMLaunchApplication
  • CCMGetActiveSessionCount
  • CCMDisconnectAllSessions

Launcher Scripts

Ryan C Butler Storefront ICA file creator at Github. See Create an ICA File from Storefront using PowerShell or JavaScript for more info.

Stan Czerno – Powershell Script to launch one or more Published Applications from Citrix Storefront 2.x through 3.11: the script launches a browser, connects to StoreFront (or NetScaler Gateway), logs in, and launches an icon. This is a very well-written script that uses a .dll file from Citrix Workspace app or Receiver to display session information.

Citrix Solutions Lab StoreFront Launcher Script at Github. It attempts to closely resemble what an actual user would do by:

  1. Opening Internet Explorer.
  2. Navigating directly to the Receiver for Web site or NetScaler Gateway portal.
  3. Completing the fields.
  4. Logging in.
  5. Clicking on the resource.
  6. Logging off the StoreFront site.

David Ott StoreFront App/Desktop Launch Testing Script uses Internet Explorer to login to StoreFront and launch a resource. Sends email with the result. Uses wficalib.dll to get session information.

Microsoft Teams

Citrix and Microsoft jointly support the delivery of Microsoft Teams from Citrix Virtual Apps and Desktops using optimization for Microsoft Teams.

Microsoft Teams optimization/offloading (similar to Skype optimization/offloading) requires the following:

  • An upcoming release of Microsoft Teams
  • Citrix VDA 1906 or newer
  • Citrix Workspace app 1905 or newer

The redirection components are built into VDA and Workspace app. There is no need to install anything separately. The feature is based on Browser Content Redirection so don’t exclude that feature when installing the VDA.

Outgoing screensharing is not supported.

See Citrix Docs Optimization for Microsoft Teams.

Skype for Business

Citrix has a HDX RealTime Optimization Pack for Workspace app or Receiver that enables offloading of Skype for Business media protocols to the client device. Here are the available versions:

The HDX RealTime Optimization Pack comes in two pieces: the Connector (on the VDA), and the Media Engine (on the Workspace app or Receiver machine). Usually both pieces must be the same version, but versions 2.3 and higher now allow version mixing.

24-page Citrix PDF Delivering Microsoft Skype for Business to XenApp and XenDesktop Users.

For Skype for Business Location Based Routing, you’ll need the following: (Source = Citrix¬†Derek Thorslund at¬†Location based routing at Citrix Discussions)

  • Microsoft added support for Location Based Routing (LBR) with the virtualized Skype for Business 2016 client (and HDX RTOP 2.1 and above) in the Click-to-Run (C2R) download quite a long time ago, but it hasn’t yet been introduced in the MSI package.
  • It requires setting IsLBRInVDIEnabled on the Skype for Business Server to True:
    $x = New-CsClientPolicyEntry -Name "IsLBRInVDIEnabled" -Value "true"
    Set-CsClientPolicy -Identity "<ClientPolicyName>‚ÄĚ -PolicyEntry @{Add=$x}

When offloading voice and video to Workspace app or Receiver machines, don’t forget to configure QoS on the client machines. See Citrix Blog Post¬†Implementing the Citrix HDX RealTime Optimization Pack: Don‚Äôt Forget About QoS/DSCP.

Citrix CTX222459 RealTime Optimization Pack Capability Checker: It will list out endpoint hardware/software information which will be used to process audio and video. The tool is independent of RealTime Optimization Pack version and runs any Windows machine.

Citrix CTX214237 LOPper РLync Optimization Pack Log Parser: parses log files generated by Citrix HDX RealTime Optimization Pack (HROP) when an audio/video call is made using Lync 2013/Skype for Business (SfB) and shows relevant information in a UI.

Troubleshooting – Citrix QuickLaunch

Citrix CTX219718 QuickLaunch Tool (Testing Application and Desktop Launch) lets you launch Citrix sessions directly from a Controller without needing StoreFront.

You enter a Controller address, credentials, and then it shows you the published resources. You can pick a resource, edit properties on the other tabs, and then Connect. This allows you to easily try different connection properties.

If you run into problems launching a session, use Sysinternals DebugView while running CQL in Debug mode (/debug switch).

Troubleshooting – Workspace app or Receiver Logging

There are a couple methods of logging Workspace app or Receiver for Windows operations. One method is CTX141751 Citrix Receiver Diagnostics Tool РFor Windows, which creates a CDF trace that can be parsed by CDFControl.

Another method is CTX132883 How to Enable Logging on Receiver for Windows Using Registry Entries. The logfiles in %USERPROFILE%\Appdata\Local\Citrix\ are human readable. And CTX206102 Enable SSON Logging Using Registry Key.

Instead of creating the registry keys manually, ¬†you can use the following .reg file provided by¬†Wolfgang Th√ľrr:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

;only for x64 windows os
;import with admin rights
;restart your computer to activate the logging and tracing settings
;create C:\TEMP for the launch ICA log and SSON logn (no environment variables can be used)

;general Workspace app and Receiver logging
;************************
;logpath: %USERPROFILE%\Appdata\Local\Citrix\Receiver
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix]
"ReceiverVerboseTracingEnabled"=dword:00000001

;Authentication Manager logging
;******************************
;logpath: %USERPROFILE%\Appdata\Local\Citrix\AuthManager
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\AuthManager]
"LoggingMode"="verbose"
"TracingEnabled"="True"
"SDKTracingEnabled"="True"

;Self Service logging
;********************
;logpath: %USERPROFILE%\Appdata\Local\Citrix\SelfService
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle]
"Tracing"="True"
"AuxTracing"="True"
"DefaultTracingConfiguration"="global all ‚Äďdetail"

;save launch ICA
;***************
;logpath: C:\TEMP\ica.log (no environemnt variables allowed)
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\ICA Client\Engine\Configuration\Advanced\Modules\Logging]
"LogConfigurationAccess"="true"
"LogConnectionAuthorisation"="true"
"LogEvidence"="true"
"LogICAFile"="true"
"LogFile"="C:\\TEMP\\ica.log"
"LogStartup"="true"

;Receiver Always On Tracing
;**************************
;generates ETL Files for analyzing with CDFControl see CTX111961 for details
;can be configured or overruled by GPOs (icaclient.admx)
;path %USERPROFILE%\AppData\Local\Temp\CTXReceiverLogs
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Citrix\ICA Client\AoLog]
"EnableTracing"=dword:00000001

;Single Sign-on Logging
;**************************
;https://support.citrix.com/article/CTX206102
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Install\SSON]
"DebugEnabled"="true"
"LogPath"="C:\\Temp"

Troubleshooting – Duplicate Stores

Stores are sometimes duplicated in Workspace app or Receiver, especially if you are running Workspace app or Receiver inside a VDA. (h/t Dan High)

StoreFront URLs can be defined in several places:

  1. In Studio, go to Configuration > StoreFront and delete all URLs configured here.
  2. Look in GPOs for Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Policies > Citrix Components > Citrix Workspace (or Receiver) > StoreFront > NetScaler Gateway URL/StoreFront Accounts List. Remove any URLs configured here.
  3. In the client-side registry, at HKLM\Software\Wow6432Node\Citrix\Dazzle\Sites, you might see store addresses that were specified during a command line installation of Workspace app or Receiver.
  4. When Citrix Workspace app or Receiver switches between StoreFront servers in multiple datacenters, it’s possible for each datacenter to be treated as a separate Workspace app or Receiver site. This can be prevented by doing the following. From Juan Zevallos at Citrix Discussions:
    1. Match the BaseURL in all datacenters.
    2. Match the SRID in all datacenters – The SRID can be safely edited in the C:\inetpub\wwwroot\Citrix\Roaming\web.config. Make sure to propagate changes to other servers in the group.
    3. Match the Delivery Controller names under “Manage Delivery Controllers” – The XML brokers can be different, but the actual name of the Delivery Controller/Farm must be identical.

If you are running Workspace app or Receiver on a VDA, once you’ve removed the configured URLs shown above, do the following to clean up the VDAs:

  1. On the VDA, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Citrix ‚Äď Delete the number folders representing policy entries.
  2. On session host VDAs, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Terminal Server\Install\Software\Citrix ‚Äď Remove the entries for storefront in the following folders.
    1. Under \receiver\ctxaccount delete all entries.
    2. Under \SR\Store delete the entries.
  3. On the VDA, C:\ProgramData\CitrixCseCache ‚Äď Delete all files
  4. On the VDA, C:\ProgramData\Citrix\GroupPolicy ‚Äď Delete all folders and files.
  5. Run gpupdate and logoff.
  6. In the user’s registry, HKEY_CURRENT_USER or the profile registry hive. Possible profile reset.
    1. Under Software\Citrix\Dazzle\Sites ‚Äď Delete all entries.
    2. Under Software\Citrix\Receiver\ctxaccount ‚Äď delete all entries.
    3. Under Software\Citrix\SR\Store ‚Äď delete the entries.
  7. Verify no cached profile folders for user on server.

StoreFront 3.0 and older Config for NetScaler Gateway

Last Modified: Mar 23, 2019 @ 5:04 am

Navigation

Contained on this page are the following topics:

StoreFront Config

  1. See the NetScaler 10.5 page or NetScaler 11 page for instructions on configuring NetScaler Gateway for StoreFront.
  2. In the StoreFront Console, click Authentication on the left. On the right, click Add/Remove Methods.
  3. Check the box next to Pass-through from NetScaler Gateway and click OK.
  4. If you can’t resolve the NetScaler Gateway FQDN from the StoreFront server, edit the C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts file and add an entry for the NetScaler Gateway FQDN.

    After configuring the HOSTS file, on the StoreFront server, open a browser and navigate to the DNS name. Make sure the Gateway vServer logon page appears.
  5. In the StoreFront Console, right-click NetScaler Gateway and click Add NetScaler Gateway Appliance.
  6. In the Gateway Settings page, enter a display name. This name appears in Citrix Receiver to make it descriptive. If you have multiple sites, include a geographical name.
  7. Enter the NetScaler Gateway Public URL. The NetScaler Gateway FQDN must be different than the FQDN used for load balancing of StoreFront (unless you are configuring single FQDN). This can be a GSLB-enabled DNS name.
  8. A Subnet IP address is not needed for NetScaler Gateway 10 and newer. However, if the NetScaler Gateway URL is GSLB-enabled then you’ll need to enter the VIP of the NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server so StoreFront can differentiate one NetScaler Gateway from another.
  9. Enter the Callback URL.
    1. In StoreFront 2.6 and newer, the Callback URL is optional. However, SmartAccess requires the Callback URL to be configured.
    2. The callback URL must resolve to any NetScaler Gateway VIP on the same appliance that authenticated the user. For multi-datacenter, edit the HOSTS file on the StoreFront server so it resolves to NetScaler appliances in the same datacenter.
    3. The Callback URL must have a trusted and valid (matches the FQDN) certificate.
    4. The Callback URL must not have client certificates set to Mandatory.
  10. If you have two-factor authentication (LDAP and RADIUS), change the Logon type to Domain and security token. Otherwise leave it set to Domain only.
  11. Click Next.
  12. In the Secure Ticket Authority page, click Add.
  13. Add both of your Controllers. Use http:// or https:// depending on the certificates installed on the Controllers. You can also enter a Load Balancing VIP here. However, you cannot use a Load Balancing VIP when configuring Secure Ticket Authorities on your NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server.
  14. Click Create when done.
  15. Then click Finish.
  16. Click Stores on the left. On the right, click Enable Remote Access.
  17. Select No VPN tunnel.
  18. Check the box next to the NetScaler Gateway object you just created and then click OK.
  19. Then in the StoreFront console, right-click Server Group and click Propagate Changes.

Single FQDN

Docs.citrix.com – Create a single Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) to access a store internally and externally

Traditionally Receiver required separate FQDNs for StoreFront Load Balancing (internal) and NetScaler Gateway (external). Recently Citrix made some code changes to accept a single FQDN for both. This assumes that external users resolve the single FQDN to NetScaler Gateway and internal users resolve the same FQDN to StoreFront Load Balancing.

Single FQDN is fairly new and thus has the following requirements:

  • Receiver for Windows 4.2 or newer
  • Receiver for Mac 11.9 or newer
  • StoreFront 2.6 or newer
  • Split DNS ‚Äď different DNS resolution for internal vs external
  • NetScaler 10.1 or newer

This section assumes NetScaler Gateway is in ICA Proxy mode. Different instructions are needed for when ICA Proxy is off. See docs.citrix.com for more information.

If you don’t care about email-based discovery then the configuration of Single FQDN is fairly simple. Sample DNS names are used below. Make sure the certificates match the DNS names.

  1. Internal DNS name = the Single FQDN (e.g. storefront.corp.com). Resolves to internal Load Balancing VIP for StoreFront. Set the StoreFront Base URL to this address.
  2. External DNS name = the Single FQDN (e.g. storefront.corp.com). Resolves to public IP, which is NAT’d to NetScaler Gateway VIP on DMZ NetScaler. Set the NetScaler Gateway object in StoreFront to this FQDN.
  3. Auth Callback = any internal DNS name (e.g. storefrontcb.corp.com) that resolves to a NetScaler Gateway VIP on the same DMZ NetScaler appliance that authenticated the user.

    • Auth callback is optional if you don‚Äôt need SmartAccess features.
    • The callback DNS name must be different than the Single FQDN.
    • Your external NetScaler Gateway certificate could match both the Single FQDN and the Callback FQDN. Or you can create separate NetScaler Gateway Virtual Servers on the same appliance with separate certificates that match these FQDNs.
  4. Internal Beacon = any internal website URL that is not externally accessible. You can‚Äôt use the Single FQDN as the Internal Beacon. Ideally, the Internal Beacon should be a new DNS name that resolves to the StoreFront Load Balancing VIP. However, this requires the StoreFront Load Balancing Virtual Server to have a certificate that matches both the Single FQDN and the Internal Beacon. See¬†CTX218708¬†How to Configure Internal Beacon for Single FQDN on StoreFront.¬† ūüí°

    • If are using Receiver for iOS internally then be aware that Receiver for iOS handles the Internal Beacon differently than Receiver for Windows. Receiver for iOS will append /Citrix/Store/discovery to the Internal Beacon and thus it¬†only works if the Internal Beacon DNS name resolves to the StoreFront server. Since you can’t use the StoreFront Base URL as the Internal Beacon you’ll need a different DNS name that resolves to the StoreFront servers and matches the StoreFront certificate. Note: if you are not allowing internal iOS devices then this isn’t needed.
  5. Make sure the DMZ NetScaler resolves the Single FQDN to the internal StoreFront Load Balancing VIP. You typically add internal DNS servers to the NetScaler. Or you can create a local address record for the Single FQDN.
  6. In the NetScaler Gateway Session Profile, set the Web Interface Address and the Account Services Address to the Single FQDN.

If you need email-based discovery then here’s an example configuration for ICA Proxy NetScaler Gateway:

  • External DNS:
    • Storefront.corp.com resolves to public IP, which is NAT‚Äôd to NetScaler Gateway VIP on DMZ NetScaler.
    • If email-based discovery, SRV record for _citrixreceiver._tcp.email.suffix points to StoreFront.corp.com.
  • External publicly-signed certificate for NetScaler Gateway:
    • One option is wildcard for *.corp.com. Assumes email suffix is also corp.com.
    • Another option is the following Subject Alternative Names:
      • Storefront.corp.com
      • StorefrontCB.corp.com ‚Äď for callback URL. Only accessed from internal.
        • Or you can create a separate Gateway vServer for callback with a separate certificate.
      • If email-based discovery, discoverReceiver.email.suffix
  • Internal DNS:
    • Storefront.corp.com resolves to Load Balancing VIP for StoreFront
    • StoreFrontCB.corp.com ‚Äď resolves to NetScaler Gateway VIP on DMZ NetScaler. For authentication callback.
    • For the internal beacon, FQDN of any¬†internal web server. Make sure this name is not resolvable externally.
    • If email-based discovery, SRV record for _citrixreceiver._tcp.email.suffix points to StoreFront.corp.com.
  • Internal certificate for StoreFront Load Balancing: publicly-signed recommended, especially for mobile devices and thin clients. Also can use the external certificate.
    • One option is wildcard for *.corp.com. Assumes email suffix is also corp.com.
    • Another option is the following Subject Alternative Names:
      • Storefront.corp.com
      • If¬†email-based discovery, discoverReceiver.email.suffix

StoreFront Configuration:

  • Base URL = https://storefront.corp.com
  • Internal beacon = FQDN of internal web server. Make sure it‚Äôs not resolvable externally.
  • Gateway object:
    • Gateway URL = https://storefront.corp.com
    • Callback URL = https://storefrontcb.corp.com

Receiver for Web session policy (basic mode or ICA Only is checked):

  • Policy expression = REQ.HTTP.HEADER¬†User-Agent NOTCONTAINS CitrixReceiver
  • Client Experience tab:
    • Home page = https://storefront.corp.com/Citrix/StoreWeb
    • Session Timeout = 60 minutes
    • Clientless Access = Off
    • Clientless Access URL Encoding = Clear
    • Clientless Access Persistent Cookie = Deny
    • Plug-in Type = Windows/Mac OS X
    • Single Sign-on to Web Applications = checked
  • Security tab:
    • Default authorization = ALLOW
  • Published Applications tab:
    • ICA Proxy = On
    • Web Interface address = https://storefront.corp.com/Citrix/StoreWeb
    • Web Interface Portal Mode = Normal
    • Single Sign-on Domain = Corp

Receiver Self-Service session policy (basic mode or ICA Only is checked):

      • Policy expression = REQ.HTTP.HEADER¬†User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver
      • Client Experience tab:
        • Session Timeout = 60 minutes
        • Clientless Access = Off
        • Clientless Access URL Encoding = Clear
        • Clientless Access Persistent Cookie = Deny
        • Plug-in Type = Java
      • Security tab:
        • Default authorization = ALLOW
      • Published Applications tab:
        • ICA Proxy = On
        • Web Interface address = https://storefront.corp.com
        • Web Interface Portal Mode = Normal
        • Single Sign-on Domain = Corp
        • Account Services address = https://storefront.corp.com

Multiple Datacenters / Farms

If you have StoreFront (and NetScaler Gateway) in multiple datacenters, GSLB is typically used for the initial user connection but GSLB doesn’t provide much control over which datacenter a user initially reaches. So the ultimate datacenter routing logic must be performed by StoreFront. Once the user is connected to StoreFront in any datacenter, StoreFront looks up the user’s Active Directory group membership and gives the user icons from multiple farms in multiple datacenters and can aggregate identical icons based on farm priority order. When the user clicks on one of the icons, Optimal Gateway directs the ICA connection through the NetScaler Gateway that is closest to the destination VDA. Optimal Gateway requires datacenter-specific DNS names for NetScaler Gateway.

Docs.citrix.com Set up highly available multi-site store configurations explains configuring XML files on StoreFront to aggregate identical icons from multiple farms/sites. Identical Icons are aggregated in farm priority order or load balanced across multiple farms. To specify a user‚Äôs ‚Äúhome‚ÄĚ datacenter, configure different farm priority orders for different Active Directory user groups.

Shaun Ritchie Citrix StoreFront High Availability and Aggregation ‚Äď A dual site Active Active design has a sample multi-site configuration using XML Notepad and explains how to use the Primary and Secondary keywords to override farm priority order.

Citrix Blogs StoreFront Multi-Site Settings: Some Examples has example XML configurations for various multi-datacenter Load Balancing and failover scenarios.

When Citrix Receiver switches between StoreFront servers in multiple datacenters, it’s possible for each datacenter to be treated as a separate Receiver site. This can be prevented by doing the following. From Juan Zevallos at Citrix Discussions: To have multiple StoreFront deployments across a GSLB deployment, here are the StoreFront requirements:

  • Match the SRID – in StoreFront, if you use the same BaseURL in the 2 separate installations, then the SRID should end up being identical. If the BaseURL is changed after the initial setup, the SRID doesn’t change. The SRID can be safely edited in the \inetpub\wwwroot\Citrix\Roaming\web.config file. It will be replicated into the discovery servicerecord entry in the Store web.config which can be edited as well or refreshed from the admin console by going into Remote Access setup for the store and hitting OK. Make sure to propagate changes to other servers in the group.
  • Match the BaseURL
  • Match the Delivery Controller names under “Manage Delivery Controllers” – The XML brokers can be different, but the actual name of the Delivery Controller/Farm must be identical. Here’s the exact setting I’m referring to:¬†https://citrix.sharefile.com/d/sa562ba140be4462b

If you are running XenApp / XenDesktop in multiple datacenters, you must design roaming profiles and home directories correctly.

Optimal Gateway

The Optimal Gateway feature lets you override the NetScaler Gateway used for ICA connections. Here are some scenarios where this would be useful:

  • The NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server requires user certificates. If ICA traffic goes through this Virtual Server then each application launch will result in a certificate prompt. Use Optimal Gateway to force ICA connections through a different NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server that doesn‚Äôt have certificate authentication enabled. Note: Callback URL also cannot use a NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server where client certificates are set to Mandatory.
  • Multi-site Load Balancing. If the icon selected by the user is published from XenApp/XenDesktop in Datacenter A, then you probably want the ICA connection to go through a NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server in Datacenter A. This requires separate NetScaler Gateway DNS names for each datacenter. Also, Optimal Gateway is applied at the farm/site level so if you are stretching a farm across datacenters then Optimal Gateway won‚Äôt help you.
  • NetScaler Gateway for internal connections (AppFlow). If you want to force internal users to go through NetScaler Gateway so AppFlow data can be sent to Citrix Insight Center then you can do that using Optimal Gateway even if the user originally connected directly to the StoreFront server. See How to Force Connections through NetScaler Gateway Using Optimal Gateways Feature of StoreFront for more information.

Optimal Gateway is configured by editing the StoreFront Store’s web.config file. See Docs.citrix.com: To configure optimal NetScaler Gateway routing for a store. For an example configuration see Docs.citrix.com: Examples of highly available multi-site store configurations.

Optimal Gateway works great if you have separate XenDesktop sites/farms in each datacenter. However, for those of you with a central XenDesktop site running globally dispersed VDAs and a NetScaler Gateway in each location, or a single globally distributed XenApp farm (which I know an awful lot of you still have), see the Citrix blog post ‚Äď How to direct remote XenApp/XenDesktop users based on active directory group membership:

    1. On a Load Balancing NetScaler, create multiple StoreFront load balancers. Each has a unique Net Profile with a unique SNIP.
    2. On StoreFront, create multiple Gateway objects, each with a SNIP that matches the Net Profiles created on the load balancer. Each Gateway object has a datacenter-specific Gateway FQDN.
    3. On each NetScaler Gateway:
      1. Configuration LDAP group extraction.
      2. Create a session policy for each datacenter pointing to the one of the StoreFront Load Balancers.
      3. Create AAA groups and bind the session policies.

Gateway in Closest Datacenter

Citrix Blog post ‚ÄėAccurately‚Äô Direct XenApp/XenDesktop Users to a Correct Location Based Datacenter:

  • An unsupported extension to StoreFront
  • Read‚Äôs the client‚Äôs IP and looks it up in a location database (GeoLite2) to determine the user‚Äôs closest datacenter
  • Adjusts the Gateway FQDN in the rendered .ica file to direct users to the closest datacenter.
  • Requires datacenter-specific or region-specific Gateway DNS names.
  • Every NetScaler Gateway should know about every potential Secure Ticket Authority server.

Multiple Gateways to One StoreFront

If you have multiple NetScaler Gateways connecting to one StoreFront Server Group, and if each of the NetScaler Gateways uses the same DNS name (GSLB), then you will need some other method of distinguishing one appliance from the other so the callback goes to the correct appliance.

  • In the StoreFront console, create multiple NetScaler Gateway appliances, one for each datacenter. Give each of them unique names.
  • Enter the same NetScaler Gateway URL in all of the gateway appliances. Since all of the appliances use the same DNS name, you cannot use the DNS name to distinguish them.
  • Each appliance has a different NetScaler Gateway VIP. This VIP can be entered in the Subnet IP field. StoreFront will use this VIP to distinguish one appliance from another. The field label is SNIP but we actually need to enter a VIP.
  • The callback URL must be unique for each Gateway appliance. The callback URL must resolve to a NetScaler Gateway VIP on the same appliance that authenticated the user. Create new datacenter-specific DNS names. For example: gateway-prod.corp.com and gateway-dr.corp.com.
  • The datacenter-specific DNS name must match the certificate on the NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server. Here are some options to handle the certificate requirement:
    • On the main NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server, assign a wildcard certificate that matches both the GSLB name and the datacenter-specific name.
    • On the main NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server, assign an SSL certificate with Subject Alternative Names for both the GSLB name and the datacenter-specific name.
    • Create an additional NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server on the appliance. Bind a certificate that matches the datacenter-specific name.
  • Configure name resolution for the datacenter-specific NetScaler Gateway DNS names. Either edit the HOSTS file on the StoreFront servers or add DNS records to your DNS servers.
  • When enabling Remote Access on the store, select both Gateway appliances. Select one as the default appliance.

Related Pages

Additional StoreFront Configuration

NetScaler 10.5

NetScaler Gateway 10.5 Virtual Server

Last Modified: Oct 3, 2019 @ 6:14 am

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NetScaler Gateway Universal Licenses

For basic ICA Proxy connectivity to XenApp/XenDesktop, you don’t need to install any NetScaler Gateway Universal licenses on the NetScaler appliance. However, if you need SmartAccess features (e.g. EPA scans), or VPN, then you must install NetScaler Gateway Universal licenses. These licenses are included with the Platinum editions of XenApp/XenDesktop, Advanced or Enterprise Edition of XenMobile, and the Platinum version of NetScaler.

When you create a NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server, the ICA Only setting determines if you need NetScaler Gateway Universal licenses or not. If the Virtual Server is set to ICA Only then you don’t need licenses. But if ICA Only is set to false then you need a NetScaler Gateway Universal license for every user that connects to this NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server. Enabling ICA Only disables all non-ICA Proxy features, including: SmartAccess, SmartControl, and VPN.

If you don’t need any non-ICA Proxy features, then you don’t need any Gateway Universal licenses, and you can skip to the next section.

The Gateway Universal licenses are allocated to the case sensitive hostname of each appliance. If you have an HA pair, and if each node has a different hostname, allocate the Gateway Universal licenses to the first hostname, and then reallocate the same licenses to the other hostname.

To see the hostname, click the version info on the top right.

To change the hostname, click the gear icon on the top right.

To upload the allocated Gateway Universal licenses to the appliance, go to System > Licenses. A reboot is required.

After NetScaler Gateway Universal licenses are installed on the appliance, they won’t necessarily be available for usage until you make a configuration change as detailed below:

  1. On the left, expand System, and click Licenses.
  2. On the right, in the Maximum NetScaler Gateway Users Allowed field is the number of licensed users for NetScaler Gateway Virtual Servers that are not set to ICA Only.
  3. On the left, under NetScaler Gateway, click Global Settings.
  4. In the right column of the right pane, click Change authentication AAA settings.
  5. Change the Maximum Number of Users to your licensed limit. This field has a default value of 5, and administrators frequently forget to change it thus only allowing 5 users to connect.
  6. If desired, check the box for Enable Enhanced Authentication Feedback. Click OK.

    set aaa parameter -enableEnhancedAuthFeedback YES -maxAAAUsers 200
  7. Then edit the NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server. On the top-right is the Max Users. Change it to the number of licensed NetScaler Gateway users.
  8. In the Basic Settings section, click the pencil icon near the top right.
  9. Click More.
  10. In the Max Users field, either enter 0 (for unlimited/maximum) or enter a number that is equal or less than the number of licensed users. Click OK.

Create Gateway Virtual Server

  1. Create a certificate for the NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server. The certificate must match the name users will use to access the Gateway. For email discovery in Citrix Receiver, the certificate must have subject alternative names (SAN) for discoverReceiver.email.suffix (use your email suffix domain name). If you have multiple email domains then you’ll need a SAN for each one.

  2. On the left, right-click NetScaler Gateway and click Enable Feature.
  3. On the left, expand NetScaler Gateway and click Virtual Servers.
  4. On the right, click Add.
  5. Name it gateway.corp.com or similar.
  6. Enter a new VIP that will be exposed to the Internet.
  7. Click More.
  8. In the Max Users field enter 0.
  9. In the Max Login Attempts field, enter your desired number. Then enter a timeout in the Failed Login Timeout field.
  10. Check the box next to ICA Only, and click Continue. This option disables SmartAccess and VPN features but does not require any additional licenses.
  11. In the Certificates section, click where it says No Server Certificate.
  12. Click the arrow next to Click to select.
  13. Select a previously created certificate that matches the NetScaler Gateway DNS name, and click OK.
  14. Click Bind.
  15. Click OK.
  16. In the Authentication section, click the plus icon in the top right.
  17. Select LDAP, select Primary and click Continue.
  18. Click the arrow next to Click to select.
  19. Select a previously created LDAP policy and click OK.
  20. Click Bind.
  21. Or for two-factor authentication, you will need to bind two policies to Primary and two polices to Secondary:
    • Primary = LDAP for Browsers (User-Agent does not contain CitrixReceiver)
    • Primary = RADIUS for Receiver Self-Service (User-Agent contains CitrixReceiver)
    • Secondary = RADIUS for Browsers (User-Agent does not contain CitrixReceiver)
    • Secondary = LDAP for Receiver Self-Service (User-Agent contains CitrixReceiver)
  22. Click Continue.
  23. In the Policies section, click the plus icon near the top right.
  24. Select Session, select Request and click Continue.
  25. Click the arrow next to Click to select.
  26. Select one of the Receiver session policies and click OK.
  27. There’s no need to change the priority number. Click Bind.
  28. Repeat these steps to bind the second policy. In the Policies section, click the plus icon near the top right.
  29. Select Session, select Request and click Continue.
  30. Click Add Binding.
  31. Click the arrow next to Click to select.
  32. Select the other Receiver session policy and click OK.
  33. There’s no need to change the priority number. Click Bind.
  34. The two policies are mutually exclusive so there’s no need to adjust priority. Click Close.
  35. On the right, in the Advanced section, click Profiles.
  36. In the TCP Profile drop-down, select nstcp_default_XA_XD_profile. This improves NetScaler Gateway performance. Click OK.
  37. On the right, in the Advanced section, click Published Applications.
  38. Click where it says No STA Server.
  39. Add a Controller in the https://<Controller_FQDN> or http://<Controller_FQDN> format, depending on if SSL is enabled on the XenApp Controller or not. This must be FQDN or IP address; short names don’t work.
  40. For the Address Type, select IPV4. Click Bind.
  41. To bind another Secure Ticket Authority server, on the left, in the Published Applications section, click where it says 1 STA Server.
  42. Click Add Binding. Enter the URL for the second controller.
  43. The State is probably down. Click Close.
  44. In the Published Applications section, click STA Server.
  45. Now they should be up and there should be an Auth ID. Click OK.

    add vpn vserver gateway.corp.com SSL 10.2.2.200 443 -icaOnly ON -tcpProfileName nstcp_default_XA_XD_profile
    
    bind vpn vserver gateway.corp.com -policy "Receiver Self-Service" -priority 100
    
    bind vpn vserver gateway.corp.com -policy "Receiver for Web" -priority 110
    
    bind vpn vserver gateway.corp.com -policy Corp-Gateway -priority 100
    
    bind vpn vserver gateway.corp.com -staServer "http://xdc01.corp.local"
    bind vpn vserver gateway.corp.com -staServer "http://xdc02.corp.local"
  46. Perform other normal SSL configuration including: disable SSLv3, bind a Modern Cipher Group, and enable Strict Transport Security.
    bind ssl vserver MyvServer -certkeyName MyCert
    
    set ssl vserver MyvServer -ssl3 DISABLED -tls11 ENABLED -tls12 ENABLED
    
    unbind ssl vserver MyvServer -cipherName ALL
    
    bind ssl vserver MyvServer -cipherName Modern
    
    bind ssl vserver MyvServer -eccCurveName ALL
    
    bind vpn vserver MyvServer -policy insert_STS_header -priority 100 -gotoPriorityExpression END -type RESPONSE
  47. Scroll down and click Done.

Verify SSL Settings

After you’ve created the Gateway Virtual Server, run the following tests:

  1. Citrix CTX200890 ‚Äď Error: “1110” When Launching Desktop and “SSL Error” While Launching an Application Through NetScaler Gateway: You can use OpenSSL to verify the certificate. Run the command:¬†openssl s_client -connect gateway.corp.com:443.¬†Replace the FQDN with your FQDN. OpenSSL is installed on the NetScaler or you can download and install it on any machine.
  2. Go to https://www.ssllabs.com/ssltest/ and check the security settings of the website.¬†Citrix Blogs – Scoring an A+ at SSLlabs.com with Citrix NetScaler ‚Äď 2016 update

Gateway UI Theme

  1. Ensure NetScaler is able to resolve the FQDN of the StoreFront server. You can add an Address record to the NetScaler or ensure that NetScaler can resolve DNS. http://support.citrix.com/article/CTX135023

  2. On the left, under NetScaler Gateway, click Global Settings.
  3. In the right pane, in the left column, click Change Global Settings.
  4. Change the selection for UI Theme to Green Bubble, and click OK.

    set vpn parameter -UITHEME GREENBUBBLE
  5. If you want the NetScaler Gateway Logon Page to look like StoreFront 3.0 then see StoreFront Tweaks > Theme for NetScaler 10.5.

SSL Redirect

Use one of the following procedures to configure a redirect from http to https. Responder method is preferred.

Public DNS SRV Records

For email-based discovery, add a SRV record to each public email suffix DNS zone. Here are sample instructions for a Windows DNS server:

  1. On the Server Manager, click Tools > DNS Manager
  2. In the left pane of DNS Manager, select your DNS domain in the forward or reverse lookup zones. Right-click the domain and select Other New Records.
  3. In the Resource Record Type dialog box, select Service Location (SRV) and then click Create Record.
  4. In the New Resource Record dialog box, click in the Service box and enter the host value _citrixreceiver.
  5. Click in the Protocol box and enter the value _tcp.
  6. In the Port number box, enter 443.
  7. In the Host offering this service box, specify the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) for your NetScaler Gateway vServer in the form servername.domain (e.g. gateway.company.com)

Block Citrix VPN for iOS

Citrix CTX201129 Configuration for Controlled Access to Different VPN Plugin Through NetScaler Gateway for XenMobile Deployments: do one or both of the following:

  • Create an AppExpert > Responder > Policy with Action = DROP and Expression = HTTP.REQ.HEADER("User-Agent").CONTAINS("CitrixReceiver/NSGiOSplugin"). Either bind the Responder Policy Globally or bind it to the Gateway vServers.
  • In your Gateway Session Policies, on the Client Experience tab,¬†do not set the Plugin type to Windows/Mac OS X.¬†If any of them are set to Windows/MAC OS X, then VPN for iOS is allowed.

View ICA Sessions

To view active ICA sessions, click the NetScaler Gateway node on the left, and then click ICA Connections on the right.

show vpn icaconnection

Customize Logon Page

The logon page presented by NetScaler Gateway can be easily customized by modifying the .html, .css, .js, and .jpg files located under /netscaler/ns_gui/vpn.

After customizing the logon page, if you are licensed for Integrated Caching, then you’ll probably need to invalidate the loginstaticobjects Integrated Caching Content Group.

When you reboot the appliance, all customizations will be lost unless you automatically reapply the customizations after a reboot. There are two methods of doing this:

  • Place the modified files under /var and add¬†cp¬†commands to¬†/nsconfig/rc.netscaler so the files are copied after a reboot.
  • Create a¬†customtheme.tar.gz¬†file and set the Gateway theme to¬†Custom.

rc.netscaler Method

Let’s say you customized the¬†en.xml and¬†login.js files. To reapply those customizations after a reboot, copy the two modified files to¬†/var. Then edit the file¬†/nsconfig/rc.netscaler and add the following two commands:

cp /var/en.xml /netscaler/ns_gui/vpn/resources/en.xml
cp /var/login.js /netscaler/ns_gui/vpn/login.js

Custom Theme Method

From http://forums.citrix.com/thread.jspa?threadID=332888:

  1. Change setting to Green Bubble (if you want to use it), make customizations.
  2. SSH to the device, type shell.
  3. Create ns_gui_custom folder by typing: mkdir /var/ns_gui_custom
  4. Change directory to /netscaler by typing: cd /netscaler
  5. Archive the ns_gui folder: tar -cvzf /var/ns_gui_custom/customtheme.tar.gz ns_gui/*
  6. Change theme to ‘custom’. You can do this from NetScaler Gateway > Global Settings > Change Global Settings or from a Session Policy/profile. It’s located on the bottom of the Client Experience tab.
  7. Save the config.
  8. Reboot appliance to make sure the customizations are reapplied.
  9. Repeat this on the second appliance.

Note: if you enabled the Custom theme, since the customtheme.tar.gz file contains the admin GUI, you will have difficulty logging into the admin GUI whenever you upgrade the appliance firmware. You cannot use your customtheme.tar.gz file with newer firmware versions. When upgrading firmware, do the following:

  1. Change the theme to Default or Green Bubble and save the config.
  2. Upgrade the firmware.
  3. If the admin GUI is not working, change the theme to Default or Green Bubble again.
  4. Manually reapply your customizations.
  5. Re-create the customtheme.tar.gz file. Don’t use the file that was created on the previous firmware version.

Logon Page Labels

When two factor authentication is configured on NetScaler Gateway, the user is prompted for User name, Password 1, and Password 2.

The Password 1 and Password 2 field labels can be changed to something more descriptive, such as Active Directory or RSA:

To change the labels, edit a couple files:

  • Edit the file /netscaler/ns_gui/vpn/resources/en.xml. Search for ‚ÄúPassword‚ÄĚ.¬†The Password2 field has a colon but the Password field does not.
  • Also edit the file /netscaler/ns_gui/vpn/login.js. Scroll down to the ns_showpwd_default() and ns_showpwd_greenbubble() functions. Find the line if ( pwc == 2 ) { document.write('&nbsp;1'); } and comment it out by adding two // to the beginning of the line. You will find this line in both functions. This prevents NetScaler Gateway from adding a ‚Äú1‚ÄĚ to ‚ÄúPassword 1‚ÄĚ.
  • Use one of the above procedures to reapply the customization after a reboot.

Domain Drop-down

Citrix CTX118657 How to Add Drop-down Menu with Domain Names on Logon Page for Access Gateway Enterprise Edition has instructions for creating a drop-down list with domain names. The Create the drop-down menu section has instructions for the Default Caxton theme, but not Green Bubbles. Here is a one way of making it work in the Green Bubbles theme:

<div class="field buttons"><div class="left"><label for="domain" class ="label plain"><span id="domain">Domain:<span></div>
<div class="right"><select name="domainvalue" size="1" style="width: 100px;"> <option value="DOMAIN1">DOMAIN1</option> <option value="DOMAIN2">DOMAIN2</option> </select></div></div>

Everything else in the article still pertains to the Green Bubbles theme.

Logon Security Message (Disclaimer)

/netscaler/ns_gui/vpn/resources/en.xml can be edited to display a logon message. Look for Please log on and replace it with your desired text. After changing the file, make sure you follow one of the above procedures to reapply the customization after a reboot.

http://euc.consulting/blog/customizing-citrix-access-gateway/ has additional instructions for creating a disclaimer. These instructions are for the default Caxton theme. Here is one method of adjusting them for the Green Bubble theme:

  1. Edit the file /netscaler/ns_gui/vpn/index.html.
  2. Find line 94 which has <input type="submit" id="Log_On"
  3. Inside the <input> element, add the attributes name="LogonButton" disabled="true"
  4. Immediately below that line, add the following lines. They go before the </form> tag.
    <!‚Äď Disclaimer customization ‚Äď>
    <div class="field CredentialTypeusername">
    <div class="left"><input type="checkbox" name="chk1_button" onClick="enableLogonButton(this);"/>
    <span class="label plain">Check this box to accept the use policy </span></div>
    <!‚Äď End of Disclaimer customization‚Äď>
  5. Save and close the index.html file.
  6. Edit the file /netscaler/ns_gui/vpn/login.js
  7. At the bottom of the file, add in the following function:
    function enableLogonButton(obj)
    {
        var loginForm = document.vpnForm;
        if(obj.checked){
            loginForm.elements["LogonButton"].disabled=false;
        }
        else{
            loginForm.elements["LogonButton"].disabled=true;
        }
    }
  8. Save and close the login.js file.
  9. Use one of the above procedures to reapply these customizations after a reboot.
  10. When you connect to the logon page, you should see a checkbox. The Log On button will only be enabled if the checkbox is checked.

Other Customizations

If you want the NetScaler Gateway Logon Page to look like StoreFront 3.0 then see StoreFront Tweaks > Theme for NetScaler 10.5.

Jason Samuel РHow to force users to use the Citrix Receiver app on mobile devices using NetScaler: You can tell your users to install Citrix Receiver on their mobile devices, yet they still continue to open Receiver for Web in a mobile browser to launch their apps and desktops because that’s what they do on their PCs at work. It’s tough to get them to understand there are 2 ways to access their apps while on a PC, using the Citrix Receiver OR Receiver for Web in their browser. But on a mobile device, they should use Citrix Receiver only for the best possible touch friendly experience.

First, we need to detect if a user is using a mobile device or not. Then we need to detect if they are hitting the NetScaler Gateway page using a mobile browser or the Citrix Receiver app. If they are using the app, let the traffic go through normal. But if using a mobile browser, redirect them to a notification page letting them know they need to use the Citrix Receiver app and make it easy for them to install and use it. Implementation instructions at the blog post.

Multiple Gateway Virtual Servers

Citrix Knowledgebase article ‚Äď How to Create a Specific Customized Logon Page for Each VPN vServer Hosted on the Access Gateway Enterprise Edition and Redirect Users Based on Each Fully Qualified Domain Name

From Citrix Discussions: The KB article referenced¬†above uses the NetScaler’s Responder feature.
If you are not licensed for the Responder (or just don’t want to bother with it), here is another option…

After creating a separate, customized login page for each vServer, I simply add a bit of JavaScript in index.html to call the correct login page, based on the URL of each vServer:

var currentURL = location.host.toLowerCase();
if (currentURL == “url1.domain.com”) top.location = “url1.html”;
else if (currentURL == “url2.domain.com”) top.location = “url2.html”;
…. etc…

Citrix Blog Post ‚Äď Two factor authentication with specific customized NetScaler Gateway logon pages:

  • Cookie for second password field is not set properly for custom logon pages. Use rewrite policy to fix it.
  • Cache policy won‚Äôt allow two-factor cookie to work. Edit cache policy to not cache the custom logon pages.

Next step

Configure StoreFront to use NetScaler Gateway

Session Policies for StoreFront – NetScaler Gateway 10.5

Last Modified: Sep 21, 2019 @ 3:47 pm

Navigation

This page details creation of session profiles and policies for NetScaler Gateway 10.5 where ICA Only (formerly known as Basic Mode) is checked.

Partly based on Citrix Knowledgebase Article –¬†How to Configure NetScaler Gateway with StoreFront

Session Profiles/Policies CLI Commands

The CLI commands are shown below:

add vpn sessionAction "Receiver Self-Service" -transparentInterception OFF -defaultAuthorizationAction ALLOW -SSO ON -icaProxy ON -wihome "https://storefront.corp.com" -ntDomain Corp -clientlessVpnMode OFF -storefronturl "https://storefront.corp.com"

add vpn sessionAction "Receiver for Web" -transparentInterception OFF -defaultAuthorizationAction ALLOW -SSO ON -icaProxy ON -wihome "https://storefront.corp.com/Citrix/StoreWeb" -ntDomain Corp -clientlessVpnMode OFF

add vpn sessionPolicy "Receiver Self-Service" "REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver" "Receiver Self-Service"

add vpn sessionPolicy "Receiver for Web" "REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent NOTCONTAINS CitrixReceiver" "Receiver for Web"

Session Profiles

Or use the GUI to create the policies/profiles:

  1. On the left, expand NetScaler Gateway, expand Policies, and click Session.
  2. On the right, switch to the Session Profiles tab, and click Add.
  3. Name the first one ReceiverSelfService or similar. This is for Receiver Self-Service (not in a web browser).
  4. Switch to the Client Experience tab.
  5. Check the Override Global box next to Clientless Access, and set it to Allow. Scroll down.
  6. Check the Override Global box next to Plug-in Type and set it to Java.
  7. Check the Override Global box next to Single Sign-on to Web Applications and enable it. Scroll up.
  8. If you need two-factor authentication, the session policy for Receiver Self-Service needs to be adjusted to indicate which authentication field contains the Active Directory password. On the Client Experience tab is Credential Index. This needs to be changed to SECONDARY. Leave the session policy for Web Browsers set to PRIMARY.
  9. On the Security tab, check the Override Global box next to Default Authorization Action and set it to Allow.
  10. On the Published Applications tab, check the Override Global box next to ICA Proxy and set it to ON.
  11. Check the Override Global box next to Web Interface Address, and enter the load balanced URL to the StoreFront servers. You can use an IP address. Don’t add any path to the end of the URL.
  12. If you only have one domain, then check the Override Global box next to Single Sign-on Domain and enter the name of your Active Directory domain. StoreFront needs to accept this domain name (Configure Trusted Domains).
  13. If you have multiple domains, then leave Single Sign-on Domain field blank, and ensure the LDAP authentication servers have userPrincipalName in the SSO Name Attribute field.
  14. For Account Services Address, enter the Base URL for StoreFront. NetScaler needs to be able to resolve this DNS name.
  15. Click Create.
  16. Highlight the existing session profile, and click Add. This copies the settings from the existing profile into the new one.
  17. Change the name of the second Session Profile to ReceiverForWeb or similar.
  18. On the Client Experience tab, Clientless Access should be set to Allow. Scroll down.
  19. Plug-in Type should still be set to Java.
  20. Single Sign-on to Web Applications should be enabled.
  21. If you need two-factor authentication, the session policy for Receiver for Web needs Credential Index set to PRIMARY. Only the Receiver Self-Service policy needs SECONDARY as detailed earlier.
  22. On the Security tab, the Default Authorization Action should still be Allow.
  23. On the Published Applications page, for the Web Interface Address field, add the path to your Receiver for Web site (e.g. /Citrix/StoreWeb).
  24. Everything else should be the same. If you only have one domain, then check the Override Global box next to Single Sign-on Domain and enter the NetBIOS name of your Active Directory domain. If you have multiple domains, then leave this field blank and ensure the LDAP authentication servers have userPrincipalName in the SSO Attribute field.
  25. Account Services Address is not needed in this profile but there’s no harm in leaving it.
  26. Click Create.

Session Policies

  1. On the right, switch to the Session Policies tab, and click Add.
  2. Name the Policy ReceiverSelfService or similar.
  3. Change the Request Profile to ReceiverSelfService.
  4. In the Expression box, either type the following, or use the Expression Editor link to build the following expression:
    REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent CONTAINS CitrixReceiver

  5. Then click Create.
  6. Add another policy, and name it ReceiverForWeb or similar.
  7. Change the Action to ReceiverForWeb.
  8. In the Expression box, either type in the following, or use the Expression Editor.¬†It’s the same as the previous expression, except it’s NOTCONTAINS instead of CONTAINS.
    REQ.HTTP.HEADER User-Agent NOTCONTAINS CitrixReceiver
  9. Click Create.

Next Step

Create NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server

LDAP Authentication – NetScaler Gateway 10.5

Last Modified: Jan 4, 2019 @ 7:55 am

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LDAP Load Balancing

Before you create an LDAP authentication policy, load balance the Domain Controllers. If you don’t load balance your Domain Controllers, then when users enter an incorrect password, the user account will be prematurely locked out.

If you have multiple domains, create different Load Balancing Virtual Servers for each domain. These multiple Load Balancing Virtual Servers can share the same VIP if their port numbers are different. Or you can use a different VIP for each domain.

Verify LDAPS

Use the tool ldp.exe to verify that the Domain Controllers have valid certificates installed, and the service account is able to bind to the LDAP tree.

  1. ldp.exe is included with the Remote Server Administration Tools (AD DS Snap-Ins and Command-Line Tools)
  2. Run ldp.exe

  3. Open the Connection menu, and click Connect.
  4. Check the box next to SSL. Change the port to 636. Then enter the FQDN of a Domain Controller, and click OK.
  5. If it connected successfully, you can then attempt a bind. If the connection was unsuccessful, then there’s probably an issue with the certificate installed on the Domain Controller.
  6. Open the Connection menu and click Bind.
  7. Change the Bind type to Simple bind. Then enter the service account credentials. You can use DOMAIN\Username, or you can use Username@Domain.com. Click OK.
  8. Look on the right pane to verify a successful bind. If not, fix the credentials and try again.
  9. Once you have successfully binded, you can view the directory tree by opening the View menu, and click Tree.
  10. Click the drop-down to view the directory partitions.
  11. Repeat these steps to verify each Domain Controller and any load balanced LDAPS.

LDAP Server

To create the LDAP Authentication Server, and LDAP Authentication Policy, do the following:

  1. On the left, expand NetScaler Gateway > Policies > Authentication, and click LDAP.
  2. On the right, switch to the Servers tab, and click Add near the top.
  3. Enter LDAP-Corp as the name. If you have multiple domains, you’ll need a separate LDAP Server per domain, so make sure you include the domain name.
  4. Change the selection to Server IP. Enter the VIP of the NetScaler load balancing vServer for LDAP.
  5. Change the Security Type to SSL.
  6. Enter 636 as the Port. Scroll down.
  7. Note: there is a checkbox for Validate LDAP Server Certificate. If you want to do this, see Citrix Discussions for instructions for loading the root certificate to /nsconfig/truststore.
  8. In the Connection Settings section, in the Base DN field, enter your Active Directory DNS domain name in LDAP format.
  9. In the Administrator Bind DN field, enter the credentials of the LDAP bind account in userPrincipalName format. Domain\username also works.
  10. Check the box next to BindDN Password and enter the password. Scroll down.
  11. In the Other Settings section, use the drop-down next to Server Logon Name Attribute, Group Attribute, and Sub Attribute Name to select the default fields for Active Directory.
  12. On the right, check the box next to Allow Password Change.
  13. If you want to restrict access to only members of a specific group, in the Search Filter field, enter memberOf=<GroupDN>. See the example below:
    memberOf=CN=CitrixRemote,OU=Citrix,DC=corp,DC=local
    You can add :1.2.840.113556.1.4.1941: to the query so it searches through nested groups. Without this users will need to be direct members of the filtered group.
    memberOf:1.2.840.113556.1.4.1941:=CN=CitrixRemote,OU=Citrix,DC=corp,DC=local
    1. An easy way to get the full distinguished name of the group is through Active Directory Administrative Center. Double-click the group object, and switch to the Extensions page. On the right, switch to the Attribute Editor tab.
    2. Scroll down to distinguishedName, double-click it, and then copy it to the clipboard.

    3. Back on the NetScaler, in the Search Filter field, type in memberOf=, and then paste the Distinguished Name right after the equals sign. Don’t worry about spaces.
  14. Scroll down and click Nested Group Extraction to expand it. If desired, change the selection to Enabled.
  15. Set the Group Name Identifier to samAccountName.
  16. Set the Group Search Attribute to memberOf.
  17. Set the Group Search Sub-Attribute to CN.
  18. For the Group Search Filter field, see CTX123795 Example of LDAP Nested Group Search Filter Syntax.
  19. Click Create.

LDAP Policy Expression

  1. On the left, expand NetScaler Gateway > Policies > Authentication, and click LDAP.
  2. On the right, switch to the Policies tab, and click Add.
  3. Name the policy LDAP-Corp. If you have multiple domains, then you’ll need a separate LDAP Policy for each domain, so make sure you include the domain name.
  4. Select the previously created LDAP-Corp server.
  5. On the bottom, click the Saved Policy Expressions drop-down, and select the ns_true expression.
  6. Click Create.

     add authentication ldapPolicy LDAP-Corp ns_true LDAP-Corp

Gateway Authentication Feedback and Licenses

  1. On the left, under NetScaler Gateway, click Global Settings.
  2. On the right, in the right column, click Change authentication AAA settings.
  3. If you are using Gateway features that require Gateway Universal licenses, then change the Maximum Number of Users to the number of Gateway Universal licenses you have installed on this appliance. This field has a default value of 5, and administrators frequently forget to change it, thus only allowing 5 users to connect.
  4. If desired, check the box for Enable Enhanced Authentication Feedback. This feature provides a message to users if authentication fails. The message users receive include password errors, account disabled or locked, or the user is not found, to name a few. Click OK.

    set aaa parameter -enableEnhancedAuthFeedback YES -maxAAAUsers 200

Next Step

For two-factor, configure RADIUS Authentication

Otherwise, Configure NetScaler Gateway Session Policies

Multiple Domains

To support multiple Active Directory domains on a NetScaler Gateway, you create multiple LDAP authentication policies, one for each Active Directory domain, and bind all of the LDAP policies to the NetScaler Gateway Virtual Server. When the user logs into NetScaler Gateway, only the username and password are entered. The NetScaler will then loop through each of the LDAP policies in priority order until it finds one that contains the entered username/password.

What if the same username is present in multiple domains? As NetScaler loops through the LDAP policies, as soon as it finds one with the specified username, it will try to authenticate with that particular LDAP policy. If the password doesn’t match the user account for the attempted domain then a failed logon attempt will be logged in that domain and NetScaler will try the next domain.

Unfortunately, the only way to enter a realm/domain name during user authentication is to require users to login using userPrincipalNames. To use userPrincipalName, set the LDAP Policy/Server with the Server Logon Name Attribute set to userPrincipalName.

You can even do a combination of policies: some with samAccountName and some with userPrincipalName. The samAccountName policies would be searched in priority order, and the userPrincipalName policies can be used to override the search order. Bind the userPrincipalName policies higher (lower priority number) than the samAccountName policies.

After authentication is complete, a Session Policy will be applied that has the StoreFront URL. The NetScaler Gateway will attempt to log into StoreFront using SSO so the user doesn’t have to login again. When logging into NetScaler Gateway, only two fields are required: username and password. However, when logging in to StoreFront, a third field is required: domain name. So how does NetScaler specify the domain name while logging in to StoreFront?

There are two methods of specifying the domain:

  • AAA Group – Configure multiple session policies with unique¬†Single Sign-on Domains. ¬†Inside the Session Policy is a field called Single Sign-on Domain for specifying the NetBIOS domain name. If there is only one Active Directory domain, then you can use the same Session Policy for all users. However, if there are multiple domains, then you would need multiple Session Policies, one for each Active Directory domain. But as the NetScaler loops through the LDAP policies during authentication, once a successful LDAP policy is found,¬†you need a method¬†of linking an LDAP policy with a Session Policy that has the corresponding SSO Domain. This is typically done using AAA groups. This method is not detailed here but the general steps are:¬†In the LDAP policy/server, specify a Default Authentication Group. Create a AAA Group that matches it. Then bind the corresponding Session Policy to that AAA group.
  • userPrincipalName – Alternatively, configure the LDAP policy/server to extract the user‚Äôs UPN and then authenticate to StoreFront using UPN. This is the easiest method but some domains don‚Äôt have userPrincipalNames configured correctly.

The userPrincipalName method is detailed below:

  1. In each of your NetScaler LDAP policies/servers, in the Other Settings section, in the SSO Name Attribute field, enter userPrincipalName. Make sure there are no spaces after this attribute name. NetScaler will use this pull this attribute from AD, and use it to Single Sign-on the user to StoreFront.
  2. In StoreFront Console, right-click  the Store, and click Manage Authentication Methods.
  3. On the right, click the gear icon, and then click Configure Trusted Domains.
  4. In the Trusted domains box, select Any domain.
  5. Or add your domains in DNS format. The advantage of entering domain names is that you can select a default domain if internal users forget to enter a domain name during login. The DNS format is required for UPN logins (e.g. SSO from NetScaler Gateway).
  6. On the NetScaler Virtual Server, bind LDAP authentication polices in priority order. It will search them in order until it finds a match.
  7. In your Session Policies/Profiles, in the Published Applications tab, make sure Single Sign-on Domain is not configured. Since NetScaler is using the userPrincipalName, there’s no need to specify a domain. If Single Sign-on Domain is configured, then Single Sign-on authentication will fail.